Journal of Child and Family Studies

, Volume 22, Issue 3, pp 437–443 | Cite as

Turkish Mothers’ Coping with Children’s Negative Emotions: A Brief Report

  • Özge Altan-Aytun
  • Bilge Yagmurlu
  • H. Melis Yavuz
Original Paper


This study is one of the first to examine emotion socialization behaviors of Turkish mothers; it also provides information on psychometric properties of the Coping with Children’s Negative Emotions Scale (CCNES; Fabes et al. 1990) in a sample of Turkish mothers of preschoolers. Participants were mothers (M age = 35.07, SD = 4.14) of 141 children attending daycare centers in middle and upper-middle class suburbs of Istanbul. The patterns of inter-correlations between emotion socialization reactions and general child-rearing behaviors showed that they reflect related but different aspects of broader parenting styles. Both aspects of parenting displayed associations with child emotional reactivity in the expected direction, further confirming patterns previously revealed for emotion socialization in Western samples. The results also confirmed the six emotion socialization behaviors assessed by the CCNES and all dimensions had good internal consistencies. The pattern of inter-correlations among maternal emotion socialization behaviors, general child-rearing behaviors, and child negative emotionality confirmed construct validity of the instrument for Turkish mothers.


Emotion socialization Parenting Negative emotionality CCNES Turkish mothers 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Özge Altan-Aytun
    • 1
  • Bilge Yagmurlu
    • 1
  • H. Melis Yavuz
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyKoc UniversityIstanbulTurkey

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