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Journal of Child and Family Studies

, Volume 22, Issue 3, pp 335–343 | Cite as

Parental Depression and Economic Disadvantage: The Role of Parenting in Associations with Internalizing and Externalizing Symptoms in Children and Adolescents

  • Michelle M. Reising
  • Kelly H. Watson
  • Emily J. Hardcastle
  • Mary Jane Merchant
  • Lorinda Roberts
  • Rex Forehand
  • Bruce E. Compas
Original Paper

Abstract

This study examined the effects of parental depression symptoms, economic disadvantage, and parenting behaviors in 180 children and adolescents of depressed parents (ages 9–15 years-old). Analyses revealed that while parental depression symptoms, economic disadvantage, and disrupted parenting behaviors were related to children’s internalizing and externalizing symptoms, disrupted parenting (e.g., intrusive, neglectful parenting) accounted for the association of parental depressive symptoms and economic disadvantage with children’s symptoms. This study provides evidence that disrupted parenting may be a common or shared process through which both parental depression and economic disadvantage are associated with children’s internalizing and externalizing problems.

Keywords

Parental depression Economic disadvantage Parenting Child/adolescent Psychopathology 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michelle M. Reising
    • 1
  • Kelly H. Watson
    • 1
  • Emily J. Hardcastle
    • 1
  • Mary Jane Merchant
    • 2
  • Lorinda Roberts
    • 2
  • Rex Forehand
    • 2
  • Bruce E. Compas
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Psychology and Human DevelopmentVanderbilt UniversityNashvilleUSA
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyUniversity of VermontBurlingtonUSA

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