Journal of Child and Family Studies

, Volume 19, Issue 5, pp 607–616 | Cite as

Sources of Parental Knowledge as Moderators of the Relation Between Parental Psychological Control and Relational and Physical/Verbal Aggression

  • Alden E. Gaertner
  • Jamie L. Rathert
  • Paula J. Fite
  • Michael Vitulano
  • Porché T. Wynn
  • Jennifer Harber
Original Paper


Previous research demonstrates that aspects of parenting interact to influence child adjustment. We aimed to extend this research by examining parenting strategies associated with behavioral control, specifically sources of parental knowledge regarding child behavior (child disclosure, parental solicitation, parental control), as moderators of the relation between psychological control and relational and physical/verbal aggression. Our sample included 89 children (56% male), ages 9–12. Consistent with prior research on child adjustment, low child disclosure was the only source of parental knowledge associated with both relational and physical/verbal aggression. Moreover, parental solicitation moderated the association between psychological control and relational, but not physical, aggression. That is, at high levels of parental solicitation, psychological control and relational aggression were positively related, whereas at low levels of parental solicitation, psychological control and relational aggression were unrelated. Implications and future directions are discussed.


Parenting Relational aggression Psychological control Child disclosure Parental solicitation 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alden E. Gaertner
    • 1
  • Jamie L. Rathert
    • 1
  • Paula J. Fite
    • 1
  • Michael Vitulano
    • 1
  • Porché T. Wynn
    • 1
  • Jennifer Harber
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of TennesseeKnoxvilleUSA

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