Journal of Child and Family Studies

, Volume 14, Issue 2, pp 195–206 | Cite as

Associations Among Family Structure, Demographics, and Adolescent Perceived Life Satisfaction

  • Keith J. Zullig
  • Robert F. Valois
  • E. Scott Huebner
  • J. Wanzer Drane


Relationships between perceived life satisfaction and family structure were examined among 5,021 public high school adolescents using the self-report CDC Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS). Adjusted multiple logistic regression analyses and multivariate models (via SUDAAN) constructed separately, revealed significant race by gender effects. Living with other relatives, non-relatives, or guardians was significantly related (p < .01) to reported life dissatisfaction for all race and gender groups, except black males. However, white females and males living with both parents were significantly less likely (p < .001) to report dissatisfaction with life. Black females living with their mothers only were also significantly less likely (p < .001) to report dissatisfaction with life while black males living with their fathers only and white females living with their mother and another adult/adults were significantly more likely (p < .01) to report dissatisfaction with life. Differing family structures appear to exert disparate effects for life satisfaction on adolescents as a function of race and/or gender. Thus, a particular health promotion intervention may not benefit all adolescents. Intervention efforts must be tailored to adolescents’ specific race and gender characteristics.


adolescents family structure perceived life satisfaction quality of life 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, Inc. 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Keith J. Zullig
    • 1
    • 6
  • Robert F. Valois
    • 2
    • 5
  • E. Scott Huebner
    • 3
  • J. Wanzer Drane
    • 4
    • 5
  1. 1.Health Education, Physical Education, Health, and Sport StudiesMiami UniversityOxford
  2. 2.Health Promotion, Education and BehaviorArnold School of Public Health University of South CarolinaColumbia
  3. 3.School Psychology, College of Liberal Arts and SciencesUniversity of South CarolinaColumbia
  4. 4.Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Arnold School of Public HealthUniversity of South CarolinaColumbia
  5. 5.Family and Preventive Medicine, Schools of MedicineUniversity of South CarolinaColumbia
  6. 6.Department of Physical Education, Health, and Sport StudiesMiami UniversityOxford

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