Journal of Computational Electronics

, Volume 9, Issue 1, pp 31–41 | Cite as

Dual-band rectangular microstrip patch antenna at terahertz frequency for surveillance system

  • Kumud Ranjan Jha
  • G. Singh


In this paper, a rectangular microstrip patch antenna on two-layer substrate materials has been analyzed and simulated at the terahertz frequency regime for the surveillance system. The proposed antenna has been simulated at 600 and 800 GHz frequencies by using CST Microwave Studio a commercially available simulator based on finite integral technique. This antenna structure is also simulated by using finite element method based simulator Ansoft HFSS and the results are compared with former.


Rectangular microstrip patch antenna Microstrip transmission line Terahertz frequency spectrum Surveillance systems 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Siegel, P.H.: THz instruments for space. IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 55(11), 2957–2965 (2007) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Seigel, P.H.: THz technology in biology and medicine. IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 52(10), 2438–2448 (2004) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Pierewicz, R., Jacob, M., Koach, M., Schoebel, J., Kuner, T.: Performance analysis of future multigigabit wireless communication systems and THz frequency with highly directive antennas in indoor environments. IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14(2), 421–430 (2008) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Galoda, S., Singh, G.: Fighting terrorism with terahertz. IEEE Potentials Mag. 26(6), 24–29 (2007) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Gonzalo, R., Martinez, B.: The effect of dielectric permittivity on the properties of photonic band gap devices. Microwave Opt. Tech. Lett. 23(2), 92–95 (1999) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Meade, R.D., Rappe, A.M., Brommer, K.D., Joannopoulos, J.D.: Nature of the photonic hand gap devices. J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 328–332 (1993) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Gonzalo, R.: Enhanced patch-antenna performance by suppressing surface waves using photonic-band gap substrates. IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 47(11), 2131–2138 (1999) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Zhang, Z., Satpathy, S.: Electromagnetic wave propagation in periodic structures: Bloch wave solution of Maxwell equations. Phys. Rev. Lett. 65(21), 2650–2653 (1990) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Ho, M.K., Chan, C.T., Soukoulish, C.M.: Existence of a photonic gap in periodic dielectric structures. Phys. Rev. Lett. 65(25), 3152–3155 (1990) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Yang, H.Y.D., Alexopoulos, N.G., Yablonovitch, E.: Photonic band gap materials for high gain printed circuit antennas. IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 45(1), 185–187 (1997) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Fernandes, H.C.C., da Rocha, A.R.B.: Analysis of antennas with PBG substrate. Int. J. Infrared Millimeter Waves 24(7), 1171–1176 (2003) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Brown, E.R., Parker, C.D.: Radiation properties of a planar antenna on a photonic-crystal substrate. J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10(2), 404–407 (1993) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Dahele, J.S., Lee, K.F., Wong, D.P.: Dual-frequency stacked annular-ring microstrip antenna. IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 35(11), 1281–1285 (1987) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Wang, J., Fralich, R., Wu, C., Litva, J.: Multifunctional aperture-coupled stacked antenna. Electron. Lett. 26(25), 2067–2068 (1990) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Croq, F., Pozar, D.M.: Multi-frequency operation of microstrip antennas using aperture coupled parallel resonators. IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 40(11), 1367–1374 (1992) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Richards, W.F., Davidson, S.E., Long, S.A.: Dual-band reactively loaded microstrip antenna. IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 33(5), 556–560 (1985) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Davidson, S.E., Long, S.A., Richards, W.F.: Dual-band microstrip antenna with monolithic reactive loading. Electron. Lett. 21(21), 936–937 (1985) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Croq, F., Pozar, D.M.: Millimeter-wave design of wide-band aperture-coupled stacked microstrip antennas. IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 39(12), 1770–1776 (1991) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Lee, R.Q., Lee, K.F.: Gain enhancement of microstrip antennas with overlaying parasitic directors. Electron. Lett. 24(11), 656–658 (1998) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Lee, R.Q., Lee, K.F.: Experimental study of two-layer electromagnetically coupled rectangular patch antenna. IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 38(8), 1298–1302 (1990) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Sharma, A., Singh, G.: Design of single pin shorted three-dielectric-layered substrates rectangular patch microstrip antenna for communication systems. Prog. Electromagn. Res. Lett. 2, 157–165 (2008) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Sharma, A., Dwivedi, V.K., Singh, G.: THz rectangular patch microstrip antenna design using photonic crystal as substrate. In: Progress in Electromagnetic Research Symposium, Cambridge, USA, July 2–6, 2008, pp. 161–165 (2008) Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Sharma, A., Singh, G.: Rectangular microstrip patch antenna design at THz frequency for short distance wireless communication systems. J. Infrared Millimeter Terahertz Waves 30, 1–7 (2009) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Kobayshi, M.: A Dispersive Formula Satisfying Recent Requirements in Microstrip CAD. IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 36(8), 1246–1250 (1988) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Poucel, R.A., Masse, D.J., Hartwig, C.P.: Correction to losses in microstrip. IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 16(12), 1064 (1968) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Wheeler, H.A.: Transmission-line properties of parallel strips separated by a dielectric sheet. IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 6(12), 1021–1027 (1968) Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Electronics and Communication EngineeringShri Mata Vaishno Devi UniversityKatraIndia
  2. 2.Department of Electronics and Communication EngineeringJaypee University of Information TechnologySolanIndia

Personalised recommendations