Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology

, Volume 31, Issue 2, pp 157–172 | Cite as

Lived Experience of Caregivers of Persons with Dementia and the Impact on their Sense of Self: A Qualitative Study in Singapore

  • Jane Tuomola
  • Jiaying Soon
  • Paul Fisher
  • Philip Yap


The prevalence of dementia is increasing, especially in Asia. Caregivers of people with dementia are at greater risk of psychological morbidity; however, most studies on caregiving have been conducted in Western populations. As a caregiver’s experience can be influenced by cultural factors, this needs exploring further. This study explored the lived experience of caregivers of dementia patients in Singapore and the impact of caring on their sense of self. Six Chinese female spousal caregivers were interviewed and their experiences were analyzed using interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA). Four super-ordinate themes were identified: impact of caregiving, acceptance of destiny, taking control, and view of self. The findings reflected the influence of Confucian values. Clinical implications are discussed, including more culturally sensitive services.


Caregiver Culture Dementia Interpretative phenomenological analysis 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jane Tuomola
    • 1
  • Jiaying Soon
    • 1
  • Paul Fisher
    • 2
  • Philip Yap
    • 3
  1. 1.JCU SingaporeSingaporeSingapore
  2. 2.Department of Psychological Sciences, Norwich Medical SchoolUniversity of East AngliaNorwichUK
  3. 3.Department of Geriatric MedicineKhoo Teck Puat HospitalSingaporeSingapore

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