Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory

, Volume 17, Issue 2, pp 101–131 | Cite as

Re-emerging Frontiers: Postcolonial Theory and Historical Archaeology of the Borderlands



The article considers the importance of frontier studies in historical archaeology and discusses applicability of some of the concepts deriving from postcolonial theories for a better understanding of human relationships in the frontier zones. The conditions of frontiers and borderlands are compared with the characteristics of the “Third Space” described by Homi Bhabha as a realm of negotiation, translation and remaking. It is argued that concepts developed in postcolonial theories, such as “Third Space,” “in-betweeness” or hybridity, are useful not only to address cultural and social processes in borderlands that were created by colonial empires. They are also an apt way to conceptualize relationships in frontiers that lacked colonial stigma. To illustrate this point, two different historical examples of borderlands are scrutinized in this paper: the medieval frontier region that emerged between Denmark and the Northwestern Slavic area and the creation of the colonial frontier in Northeastern America through the establishment of the Praying Indian Towns.


Frontiers and borderlands Third Space Medieval Danish–Slavic frontier Praying Indian Towns 



I would like to thank the Birgit and Gad Rausing Fund for Research within Humanities and Fil dr Uno Otterstedt Foundation for financial aid in conducting the project. Many thanks to Mary Beaudry (Boston University) for helping me arrange my visit in Boston, to Stephen Silliman and to Stephen Mrozowski (University of Massachusetts, Boston) for making accessible materials from his recent excavations at Praying Indian sites. I am grateful to the article reviewers, Carole Gillis, Charles Orser, Barbro Sundner, Mats Mogren, Mats Roslund, Jes Wienberg, James Skibo, Catherine Cameron and Brent Fortenberry for their comments on earlier versions of the paper.


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Archaeology and Ancient HistoryLund UniversityLundSweden

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