The live birth in a woman with resistant ovary syndrome after in vitro oocyte maturation and preimplantation genetic testing for aneuploidy

Abstract

We report the pregnancy and live birth achieved after in vitro maturation (IVM) of oocytes and PGT-A in a 23-year-old patient suffering from ovarian gonadotropin resistance. A woman with resistant ovary syndrome (ROS) had secondary amenorrhea, high FSH levels (25.34 mIU/mL) and LH (29.6 mIU/mL), low estradiol levels (15.2 pg/mL), and high serum AMH levels (38.0 ng/mL), associated with an increased antral follicle count (AFC) of 45. Without gonadotropin priming and HCG trigger, ultrasound-guided transvaginal oocyte retrieval was performed. Aspiration of antral-stage follicles allowed the retrieval of 15 immature oocytes. After oocyte collection, immature oocytes were cultured in the IVM medium. Following IVM, six of them reached metaphase II stage. Resultant matured oocytes were fertilized by intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). Embryos obtained were cultured to the blastocyst stage. On day 5, three embryos reached blastocyst stage. Trophectoderm biopsy and PGT-A were performed on two better quality embryos on day 5 after fertilization. Two biopsied embryos were reported to be euploid. PGT-A was performed utilizing next-generation sequencing (NGS\MPS). One embryo was transferred in an artificial thaw cycle and resulted in a viable intrauterine pregnancy and live birth. Our experience indicates that there is no requirement for gonadotropin stimulation and use of b-hCG trigger prior to IVM in patients with ROS. The results suggest that oocytes obtained with IVM in patients with ROS are capable of meiotic and mitotic division, fertilization, and generation of euploid embryos. IVM appears to be a valuable approach in patients with ROS, allowing them to have genetically connected offspring.

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All authors contributed to the study conception and design. Material preparation, data collection, and analysis were performed by Kornilov Nikolai, Pavlova Marina, and Yakovlev Pavel. The first draft of the manuscript was written by Yakovlev Pavel and all authors commented on previous versions of the manuscript. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.

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Correspondence to Pavel Pavlovich Yakovlev.

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Kornilov, N.V., Pavlova, M.N. & Yakovlev, P.P. The live birth in a woman with resistant ovary syndrome after in vitro oocyte maturation and preimplantation genetic testing for aneuploidy. J Assist Reprod Genet (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10815-021-02085-5

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Keywords

  • In vitro maturation (IVM)
  • Resistant ovary syndrome (ROS)
  • Female infertility
  • PGT-A