Molar pregnancies are benign trophoblastic diseases associated with a risk of malignant transformation. If aetiology remains mostly unknown, the risk of recurrent molar pregnancy is around 1.5% after one molar pregnancy and around 25% after 2 molar pregnancies. In the later situation, genetic mutations have been described, increasing hugely this risk. In case of mutations, probability to obtain a normal pregnancy is estimated around 1.8%. We report the case of a Caucasian 30-year-old woman whose previous five spontaneous pregnancies had a negative outcome: a spontaneous miscarriage and then 4 complete hydatidiform moles. Genetic testing revealed that the patient carried two heterozygous mutations in the NLRP7 gene (c.2982-2A > G and Y318CfsX7). According to this, counselling was conducted to advocate for oocyte donation in order to obtain a normal pregnancy. This technique enabled a complication-free, singleton pregnancy that resulted in a healthy term live birth of a 2900 g female. Few months after delivery, the patient presented a new complete hydatidiform mole. Women presented with mutations in the NLRP7, KHDC3L or PADI6 genes are unlikely to obtain normal pregnancies, with a major risk of reproductive failure. In such a context, oocyte donation may be the best option. Only 4 normal pregnancies and deliveries have been published in this situation through this technique to our knowledge.
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Cozette, C., Scheffler, F., Lombart, M. et al. Pregnancy after oocyte donation in a patient with NLRP7 gene mutations and recurrent molar hydatidiform pregnancies. J Assist Reprod Genet (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10815-020-01861-z
- Trophoblastic disease
- Recurrent hydatidiform mole
- Oocyte donation
- NLRP7 gene mutation