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Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics

, Volume 34, Issue 2, pp 275–281 | Cite as

Clinical and genetic analysis of a family with Kartagener syndrome caused by novel DNAH5 mutations

  • Xuan Xu
  • Ping GongEmail author
  • Jie Wen
Genetics

Abstract

Purpose

Kartagener syndrome (KS), also known as visceral inversion-nasosinusitis-bronchiectasis syndrome, or familial bronchiectasis, is an autosomal recessive inherited disease. In this study, through two cases of KS, we aimed to assess the clinical and genetic characteristics of KS caused by DNAH5 mutations.

Methods

The two cases of KS from the same family underwent extensive clinical assessments, with next-generation DNA sequencing and bioinformatics analysis to identify pathogenic genes. In addition, Sanger sequencing was used to verify the pedigrees.

Results

The present study employed a directional capture strategy for hereditary disease screening, which correctly identified the virulence sites in the pedigree, and facilitated the differential diagnosis among multiple genes. Two novel mutations were detected in DNAH5: c.7778C>T (missense mutation) and c.13729G>A (nonsense mutation). They were not found in dbSNP, 1000 Genomes, and ExAC.

Conclusions

These findings demonstrated that new DNAH5 mutations could be used for molecular diagnosis of KS, providing families with genetic counseling and prenatal diagnosis.

Keywords

Kartagener syndrome DNAH5 Gene sequencing Visceral inversion Mutation Precision medicine 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Research involving human participants

The present study was approved by the Ethics Committee of People’s Hospital. All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Children’s Medical Center, People’s HospitalChangshaChina
  2. 2.Pediatric orthopedics, People’s HospitalChangshaChina

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