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The role of epigenetics in idiopathic male infertility

  • Sezgin GunesEmail author
  • Mehmet Alper ArslanEmail author
  • Gulgez Neslihan Taskurt Hekim
  • Ramazan Asci
Review

Abstract

Infertility is a complex disorder with multiple genetic and environmental causes. Although some specific mutations have been identified, other factors responsible for sperm defects remain largely unknown. Despite considerable efforts to identify the pathophysiology of the disease, we cannot explain the underlying mechanisms of approximately half of infertility cases. This study reviews current data on epigenetic regulation and idiopathic male infertility. Recent data have shown an association between epigenetic modifications and idiopathic infertility. In this regard, epigenetics has emerged as one of the promising research areas in understanding male infertility. Many studies have indicated that epigenetic modifications, including DNA methylation in imprinted and developmental genes, histone tail modifications and short non-coding RNAs in spermatozoa may have a role in idiopathic male infertility.

Keywords

Infertility Epigenetics DNA methylation miRNA 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Funding

This research did not receive any specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sector.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical BiologyOndokuz Mayis UniversitySamsunTurkey
  2. 2.Health Sciences Institute, Department of Multidisciplinary Molecular MedicineOndokuz Mayis UniversitySamsunTurkey
  3. 3.Faculty of Medicine, Department of UrologyOndokuz Mayis UniversitySamsunTurkey

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