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Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics

, Volume 31, Issue 9, pp 1115–1137 | Cite as

A multi-faceted approach to understanding male infertility: gene mutations, molecular defects and assisted reproductive techniques (ART)

  • Eisa Tahmasbpour
  • Dheepa Balasubramanian
  • Ashok Agarwal
Review

Abstract

Background

The assisted reproductive techniques aimed to assist infertile couples have their own offspring carry significant risks of passing on molecular defects to next generations.

Results

Novel breakthroughs in gene and protein interactions have been achieved in the field of male infertility using genome-wide proteomics and transcriptomics technologies.

Conclusion

Male Infertility is a complex and multifactorial disorder.

Significance

This review provides a comprehensive, up-to-date evaluation of the multifactorial factors involved in male infertility. These factors need to be first assessed and understood before we can successfully treat male infertility.

Keywords

Male infertility Spermatogenesis Y chromosome AZF region Molecular genetics Epigenetics 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eisa Tahmasbpour
    • 1
  • Dheepa Balasubramanian
    • 2
  • Ashok Agarwal
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of BiologyIslamic Azad UniversitySariIran
  2. 2.Case Western Reserve UniversityClevelandUSA
  3. 3.Center for Reproductive Medicine, Cleveland ClinicClevelandUSA

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