Purpose: To examine the expression of inhibin-activin subunits, follistatin, and Smads 2, 3 and 4 in granulosa-luteal cells at the time of oocyte retrieval.
Methods: Quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction was performed to quantify the mRNA expression of the investigated genes: inhibin α-subunit, inhibin-activin βA- and βB-subunits, follistatin, and Smads 2, 3 and 4.
Results: α-, βA- and βB-subunits of inhibin-activin, and follistatin were all well expressed in granulosa-luteal cells obtained from either dominant or cohort follicles. α-subunits strongly correlated with Smad2 (p < 0.001). βA-subunit significantly correlated with Smad4, p < 0.001. βB-subunit significantly correlated with Smad2, p=0.002, and follistatin expression strongly correlated with the expression of Smads 2 and 4 (p < 0.001 and = 0.007 respectively).
Conclusions: We found, for the first time that inhibin-activin βB-subunit mRNA was well expressed in human granulosa-luteal cells obtained from either dominant or cohort follicles. α-, βA- and βB-subunits and follistatin correlated with Smads to varied degrees, suggesting the active roles of the above genes at the time of oocyte retrieval.
Activin Follistatin Granulosa cells Inhibin Smad
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This study was supported by grant NSC 92-2314-B-182-084 from the National Science Council, Taiwan.
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