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Journal of Applied Spectroscopy

, Volume 82, Issue 2, pp 221–227 | Cite as

Chemical Analysis of Organic Residues Found in Hellenistic Time Amphorae from SE Bulgaria

  • B. Zlateva
  • M. Rangelov
Article

We have used IR spectroscopy, 1H NMR spectroscopy, high-performance liquid chromatography and thin-layer chromatography to study the composition of resin residues found in 22 amphorae from Apollonia Pontika (SE Bulgaria). In particular this analysis of the resin residues was aimed at discovering the content of the amphorae and to verify the hypothesis on the transport of wine, named "Retsina". Additionally this hypothesis has been confirmed by a similar analysis of the modern resin sample from Aleppo pine (Pinus Halepensis) growing in the Attica region (Greece).

Keywords

ancient resin residue IR and NMR spectra high-performance liquid chromatography thin-layer chromatography Hellenistic time amphorae wine 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of SofiaSofiaBulgaria
  2. 2.Institute of Organic Chemistry with Centre of PhytochemistryBulgarian Academy of ScienceSofiaBulgaria

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