Journal of Applied Spectroscopy

, Volume 79, Issue 2, pp 261–268 | Cite as

Plasma formation by high-repetition rate pulsed periodic laser irradiation of metals in air at atmospheric and reduced pressures


High-speed spectroscopy with spatial and temporal resolution is used to determine the basic plasma parameters and to examine the shift from an air plasma to an erosion plasma during multipulse laser irradiation of various metals at repetition rates ranging from 5 to 50 kHz with irradiances q > 2∙108 W/cm2. The formation of a distinctive surface plasma structure is observed which (a) facilitates the expulsion of the shielding layer of "air" plasma produced during the first of a series of laser pulses by vapor from the target and (b) inhibits the propagation of a metal vapor plasma front into the air during the subsequent pulses.


pulsed periodic laser irradiation laser plasma plasma temperature electron density electric potential analysis of materials 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    N. A. Bosak, V. G. Malinin, O. G. Martynenko, A. I. Marchenko, L. Ya. Min’ko, V. I. Nasonov, G. S. Romanov, R. I. Soloukhin, M. V. Suzdenkov, N. N. Stolovich, Yu. A. Chivel’, and A. N. Chumakov, Studies of laser and electron-beam interactions with metallic targets, Preprint ITMO AN BSSR, Minsk, No. 43 (1987).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    G. P. Arumov, A. Yu. Bukharov, O. V. Kamenskaya, S. Yu. Kotyanin, V. A. Krivoshchekov, A. N. Lyash, V. A. Nekaenko, S. M. Pershin, and A. V. Yuzgin, Pis’ma Zh. Tekh. Fiz., 13, 870–873 (1987).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    S. M. Pershin, Kvant. Élektron., 16, 325–330 (1989).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    L. Ya. Min’ko, A. N. Chumakov, and N. A. Bosak, Kvant. Élektron., 17, 1480–1484 (1990).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    R. Sattmann, V. Sturm, and R. Noll, J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys., 28, 2181–2187 (1995).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    L. Ya. Min’ko, A. N. Chumakov, N. A. Bosak, V. I. Nasonov, V. A. Kononov, and V. A. Khodinskii, Program and Abstracts of Talks at V-th International Conf. on Laser Technologies ’95, Shatura, Moscow Region, Sept. 30–Oct. 4, 1995, NITs TL RAN (1995), p. 38.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    L. Ya. Min’ko, A. N. Chumakov, N. A. Bosak, V. V Efremov, V. I. Nasonov, N. V. Mazaev, A. B. Ryabtsev, A. S. Uaunbadzhakov, F. M. Severin, and A. S. Suprun, Abstracts of talks at the International Conf. Fizprom- 96, Sept. 22–26, 1996, Golytsino, Moscow REgion (1996), pp. 205–206.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    M. L. Petukh, V. A. Rozantsev, A. D. Shirokaov, and A. A. Yankovskii, Zh. Prikl. Spektrosk., 67, 798–801 (2000).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    V. S. Burakov, A. F. Bokhonov, M. I. Nedel’ko, and N. V. Tarasenko, Kvant. Élektron., 33, 1065–1071 (2003).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    S. G. Gornyi, A. M. Grigor’ev, V. A. Lopota, and G. A. Turchin, Fiz. i khim. obrabotki materialov, 5, 23–26 (1998).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    N. A. Bosak, S. V. Vasil’ev, A. Yu. Ivanov, L. Ya. Min’ko, V. I. Nedolugov, and A. N. Chumakov, Kvant. Élektron,. 27, 69–72 (1999).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    S. G. Gornyi, A. M. Grigor’ev, M. I. Patrov, V. D. Solov’ev, and G. A. Turchin, Kvant. Élektron., 32, 929–932 (2002).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    S. M. Klimentov, P. A. Pivovarov, V. I. Konov, D. Breitling, and F. Dausinger, Kvant. Élektron., 34, 537–540 (2004).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    S. M. Pershin, Kvant. Élektron., 39, 63–67 (2009).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    G. Cristoforetti, S. Legnaioli, V. Palleschi, A. Salvetti, and E. Tognoni, Appl. Phys. B, 80, 559–568 (2005).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    V. B. Avramenko, N. A. Bosak, and A. N. Chumakov, in: Proc VII-th International Conf. on Laser Physics and Optical Technologies, June 17–19, 2008, Institute of Physics, Minsk (2008), pp. 49–52.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    I. A. Bufetov, S. B. Kravtsov, and V. B. Fedorov, Kvant. Élektron., 23, 535–538 (1996).Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    I. A. Dmitriev, L. I. Kiselevskii, and V. V. Shkurko, Zh. Prikl. Spektrosk., 48, 909–912 (1988).Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    L. Ya. Min’ko, A. A. Bakeev, and A. N. Chumakov, Zh. Prikl. Spektrosk., 51, 403–428 (1989).Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    H. Griem, Plasma Spectroscopy [Russian translation], Atomizdat, Moscow (1969).Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    G. A. Kasabov and V. V. Eliseev, Spectroscopic Tables for Low-Temperature Plasmas. A Handbook [in Russian], Atomizdat, Moscow (1973).Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Yu. S. Shalkauskas, Zh. Prikl. Spektrosk., 28, 388–396 (1978).Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    V. B. Avramenko, A. M. Kuz’mitskii, and L. Ya. Min’ko, Tepolofiz. Vysok. Temp., 20, 1052–1056 (1982).ADSGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    W. Lochte-Holtgreven, ed., Plasma Diagnostic Methods [Russian translation], Mir, Moscow (1971).Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    L.S. Polak, Survey of Low-Temperature Plasma Physics and Chemistry [in Russian], Nauka, Moscow (1971).Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    I. A. Bufetov, A. M. Prokhorov, V. B. Fedorov, and V. K. Fomin, Dokl. AN SSSR, 261, 586–588 (1981).ADSGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    V. P. Ageev, A. A. Gorbunov, V. I Konov, P. I. Nikitin, A. S. Silenok, and N. I. Chapliev, Izv. AN SSSR. Ser. Fiz., 46, 1058–1064 (1982).Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    A. N. Chumakov, N. A. Bereza, G. D. Hu, N. A. Bosak, Z. H. Guo, and K. K. Hie, IFZh, 84, 524–530 (2011).Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    A. A. I. Khalil. Laser Phys., 20, 238–244 (2010).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    A. N. Chumakov and N. A. Bosak. Publ. Astron. Obs. Belgrade, No. 61, pp. 13–16 (1998).Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    A. N. Chumakov, N. A. Bosak, V. V. Efremov, V. I. Nasonov, N. V. Mazaev, A. B. Ryabtsev, A. S. Uzunbadzhakov, N. A. Poklonskii, N. F. Golubev, and S. V. Shpakovskii, in: Material from the IX-th International Conf. onf High Technologies in Russian Industry, Sept. 11–13, 2003, OAO TsNITI "Tekhnomash" (2003)., pp. 48–51.Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    A. Lobe, J. Vrenegor, R. Fleige, V. Sturm, and R. Noll, Analyt. Bioanalyt. Chem., 385, 326–332 (2006).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    T. T. Basiev, S. V. Garnov, S. M. Klimentov, P. A. Pivovarov, A. V. Gavrilov, S. N. Smetanin, S. A. Soloukhin, and A. V. Fedin, Kvant. Élektron., 37, 956–960 (2007).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    G. Galbacs, N. Jedlinszki, K. Herrera, N. Omenetto, B. W. Smith, and J. D. Winefordner, Appl. Spectr., 64 (2), 161–172 (2010).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. N. Chumakov
    • 1
  • V. B. Avramenko
    • 1
  • N. A. Bosak
    • 1
  1. 1.B. I. Stepanov Institute of PhysicsNational Academy of Sciences of BelarusMinskBelarus

Personalised recommendations