Algicidal effects on Heterosigma akashiwo and Chattonella marina (Raphidophyceae), and toxic effects on natural plankton assemblages by a thiazolidinedione derivative TD49 in a microcosm
The algicidal effects of the thiazolidinedione derivative TD49 on Heterosigma akashiwo and Chattonella marina (Raphidophyceae) were assessed, and the response of the planktonic community and environment to the algicide was evaluated in a microcosm, quantifying 12 L. The abundance of over 80 % of H. akashiwo and C. marina declined in a day significantly in microcosms to which TD49 was added (final concentration 2 μM), and this was correlated with an abrupt decline in the culture pH. The number of protists (i.e., ciliates) other than H. akashiwo and C. marina gradually increased with time in the TD49 treatments, implying that the decline in numbers of H. akashiwo and C. marina cells resulting from TD49 treatment was a major factor in the growth of the other organisms. However, TD49 may be toxic to aquatic zooplankton communities, even though it is a highly selective algicide for harmful algae bloom species. The study indicates that TD49 is an effective agent for the control for H. akashiwo and C. marina blooms in enclosed and eutrophic water bodies.
KeywordsThiazolidinedione (TD49) Harmful algal bloom species Chemical control Heterosigma akashiwo Chattonella marina Raphidophyceae
This research was supported by the Pioneer Research Center Program through the National Research Program of Korea funded by the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology (grant no. M1071118001-08M1118-00110) and KIOST project (PE98745).
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