Advertisement

Journal of Analytical Chemistry

, Volume 60, Issue 12, pp 1102–1113 | Cite as

Markers of the Nature of Ethyl Alcohol: Chromatographic Techniques for Their Detection

  • S. A. Savchuk
  • G. M. Kolesov
Articles

Abstract

A procedure for distinguishing synthetic ethyl alcohols from those obtained by fermentation using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry is discussed. To reveal the nature of alcohols, the following special chemical markers (characteristic components of the impurity composition of synthetic alcohol) are used: 2-butanol, acetone, and crotonaldehyde. It was found that 2-butanol is the most informative marker of synthetic alcohol because it is not present in fermentation alcohols. Acetone and crotonaldehyde are additional markers of synthetic alcohol because they can occur in food alcohols. The results of studying the stability of the above impurity components and crotonaldehyde degradation products are presented.

Keywords

Alcohol Fermentation Degradation Product Ethyl Alcohol Special Chemical 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

REFERENCES

  1. 1.
    GOST R (Russian State Standard) 51 786-2001: Vodka and Ethanol from Food Raw Material: Gas-Chromatographic Method for Determining Authenticity, 2001.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    GOST (Russian State Standard) R 51 698-2000: Vodka and Ethanol: Rapid Gas-Chromatographic Method for Determining Toxic Trace Impurities, 2000.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Shatirishvili, I.Sh., Khromatografiya v ekologii (Chromatography in Ecology), Tbilisi: Ganatleba, 1988.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Nuzhnyi, V.P., Savchuk, S.A., and Kayumov, R.I., Narkologiya, 2002, no. 5, p. 43.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Savchuk, S.A., Vlasov, V.N., Appolonova, S.A., et al., Zh. Anal. Khim., 2001, vol. 56, no.3, p. 246 [J. Anal. Chem. (Engl. Transl.), vol. 56, no. 3, p. 214].Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Vyaz'mina, N.A. and Savchuk, S.A., Partnery i Konkurenty, 2002, no. 2, p. 30.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Nuzhnyi, V.P., Analiz roli nekachestvennykh, fal'sifitsirovannykh i surrogatnykh alkogol'nykh napitkov v formirovanii fenomena vysokoi alkogol'noi smertnosti v Rossiiskoi Federatsii (Analysis of the Role of Low-Quality, Adulterated, and Surrogate Alcoholic Beverages in the Development of High Alcohol Mortality in Russian Federation), Moscow: Medprom, 1998.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© MAIK "Nauka/Interperiodica" 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. A. Savchuk
    • 1
  • G. M. Kolesov
    • 1
  1. 1.Vernadsky Institute of Geochemistry and Analytical ChemistryRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia

Personalised recommendations