Parent Expectations and Preparatory Activities as Adolescents with ASD Transition to Adulthood
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Community stakeholders, researchers, and providers are increasingly focused on individual, family, and systemic factors that contribute to positive outcomes for adults on the autism spectrum. Parent expectations for their youth’s future are associated with adult outcomes (e.g., employment, school success, independence), yet the mechanism for this effect remains unclear. This study investigated how expectations were related to parent transition-related activities in a sample of 298 parents of adolescents on the autism spectrum (48% female adolescents), stratified by parent-reported IQ (average or above, borderline, or below 70). Parent expectations for the future predicted engagement in some activities intended to enhance adult outcomes when controlling for IQ, gender, age, and household income. The results have implications for how providers discuss expectations and support families in preparing for adulthood.
KeywordsTransition Adulthood Vocation Parents Gender
Anne V. Kirby’s research efforts were supported by the University of Utah Program in Personalized Health and the National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences of the National Institutes of Health under Award Number KL2TR001065. The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the National Institutes of Health.
LGH conceived of the study, participated in its design and coordination, recruited participants, performed the statistical analyses, and drafted the manuscript. AVK conceived of the study, performed and interpreted statistical analyses, and drafted the manuscript. MBH and DSS participated in study design and coordination, recruitment of participants, and helped to draft the manuscript.
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