The Glasgow Sensory Questionnaire: Validation of a French Language Version and Refinement of Sensory Profiles of People with High Autism-Spectrum Quotient
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Sensory sensitivity peculiarities represent an important characteristic of Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). We first validated a French language version of the Glasgow Sensory Questionnaire (GSQ) (Robertson and Simmons in J Autism Dev Disord 43(4):775–784, 2013). The GSQ score was strongly positively correlated with the Autism-Spectrum Quotient (AQ) (r = 0.81, p < 10−6, n = 245). We further examined sensory profiles of groups with high versus low AQ. The high AQ group scored higher at the GSQ than the low AQ group for every sensory modality. Moreover, the high AQ group showed greater consistency in their patterns of hypersensitivity and hyposensitivity between sensory modalities, and stronger correlations between hyper and hyposensitivity. Results are discussed in the context of theories accounting for atypical sensory perception in ASD.
KeywordsAutism Spectrum Disorder Autism-Spectrum Quotient Glasgow Sensory Questionnaire Hypersensitivity Cross-cultural adaptation
We would like to thank Dr. Ashley Robertson and Dr. David Simmons for giving us the permission to translate the questionnaire and for sending us their data to enable comparisons between versions. We thank all of the participants for completing the questionnaires. We also would like to thank Dr Emmanuel Venet and Hassenia Mecheri for their help during the recruitment phase of the participants.
Data collection was performed by LAST and SS, analyses by LAST and AM, and article writing by LAST, AM and CS. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.
This study was supported by a Scientific Research Council grant from the Vinatier Hospital Center, and was performed within the framework of the LABEX CORTEX (ANR-11-LABX-0042) of Université de Lyon, within the program “Investissements d’Avenir” (ANR-11-IDEX-0007) operated by the French National Research Agency (ANR).
Compliance with Ethical Standards
All procedures performed in this study were in accordance with the standards of the French ethical guidelines and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in this study.
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