Sibling Relationships: Parent–Child Agreement and Contributions of Siblings With and Without ASD
- 507 Downloads
Research on the experiences of siblings of individuals with ASD and the quality of their sibling relationships has yielded mixed results. The present study examined the significance of parent- versus child-report of both positive and negative behaviors exhibited by siblings and their brothers and sisters with ASD within sibling dyads. Findings indicated that siblings were more positive in their assessment of the sibling relationship than were their parents. Siblings exhibited more positive behaviors within the sibling relationship than did their brothers and sisters with ASD, and were recipients of aggression. These findings are consistent with prior research suggesting that siblings tend to take on a caretaking role, and point to important targets for intervention.
KeywordsSiblings Sibling relationships Parent–child agreement Autism spectrum disorder Stakeholders
The authors would like to acknowledge the following individuals who contributed to various aspects of this research: Ligia Antezana, Jessica Bradshaw, Lauren Delk, Rebecca Doggett, Reina Factor, Tyler Hassenfeldt, Lauren Herlihy, Cara Keifer, John Richey, Angela Scarpa-Friedman, Andrea Trubanova, and Avery Voos. We would also like to thank the families who participated in this research.
MB assisted with statistical analysis, contributed to interpretation of results and drafted the majority of the manuscript; MC participated in study design, data collection, and interpretation of results, and oversaw study implementation at the Virginia Tech site; NK contributed to study design and data collection; JW conceived of the study and its design, oversaw study implementation at the Yale University site, contributed to data collection, statistical analysis, and interpretation of results, and drafted portions of the manuscript. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.
This work was funded by grants from the Organization for Autism Research (Graduate Research Grant Competition, MC) and the Virginia Tech Center for Autism Research (Hulick Serving Spirit Scholarship, MC). A subset of these data was presented at the 2016 International Meeting for Autism Research.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of interest
Megan L. Braconnier declares that she has no conflict of interest. Marika C. Coffman declares that she has no conflict of interest. Nicole Kelso declares that she has no conflict of interest. Julie M. Wolf declares that she has no conflict of interest.
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. This article does not contain any studies with animals performed by any of the authors.
Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.
- Abramovitch, R., Stanhope, L., Pepler, D., & Corter, C. (1987). The influence of down’s syndrome on sibling interaction. The Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 28(6), 865–879. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7610.1987.tb00675.x.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Bagenholm, A., & Gillberg, C. (1991). Psychosocial effects on siblings of children with autism and mental retardation: A population-based study. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 35(4), 291–307. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2788.1991.tb00403.x.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Cuskelly, M., & Gunn, P. (2000). Sibling relationships in families with a child with Down syndrome. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 44(3,4), 253.Google Scholar
- Diener, M. L., Anderson, L., Wright, C. A., & Dunn, L. (2015). Sibling relationships of children with autism spectrum disorder in the context of everyday life and a strength-based program. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 24(4), 1060–1072. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-014-9915-6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Floyd, F. J., Purcell, S. E., Richardson, S. S., & Kupersmidt, J. B. (2009). Sibling relationship quality and social functioning of children and adolescents with intellectual disability. American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 114(2), 110–127. https://doi.org/10.1352/2009.114.110-127.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Harris, S. L., & Glasberg, B. A. (2003). Siblings of children with autism: A guide for families (2nd edn.). Bethesda, MD: Woodbine House.Google Scholar
- Knott, F., Lewis, C., & Williams, T. (1995). Sibling interaction of children with learning disabilities: A comparison of autism and down’s syndrome. The Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 36(6), 965–976. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7610.1995.tb01343.x.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Kramer, J. (2007). Brothers and sisters with disabilities. Presented at the Annual Meeting of the Sibling Leadership Network, Columbus, OH.Google Scholar
- Meyer, D., & Vadasy, P. F. (2007). Sibshops: Workshops for siblings of children with special needs. Paul H Brookes Publishing.Google Scholar
- Orsmond, G. I., Kuo, H., & Seltzer, M. M. (2009). Siblings of individuals with an autism spectrum disorder: Sibling relationships and wellbeing in adolescence and adulthood. Autism: The international Journal of Research and Practice, 13, 59–80. https://doi.org/10.1177/1362361308097119.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Pollard, C. A., Barry, C. M., Freedman, B. H., & Kotchick, B. A. (2013). Relationship quality as a moderator of anxiety in siblings of children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorders or Down syndrome. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 22, 647–657. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-012-9618-9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Quintero, N., & McIntyre, L. L. (2010). Sibling adjustment and maternal well-being: An examination of families with and without a child with an autism spectrum disorder. Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities, 25(1), 37–46. https://doi.org/10.1177/1088357609350367.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar