Metaperception in Adolescents With and Without Autism Spectrum Disorder
This study compared how adolescents with and without autism spectrum disorder (ASD) evaluated unfamiliar peers (i.e., perceptions), as well as how adolescents believed they were evaluated by peers (i.e., metaperceptions). The Perceptions and Metaperceptions Questionnaire was designed to quantify perceptions and metaperceptions following a live interaction. For all adolescents, more positive perceptions of the peer were associated with more positive metaperceptions. Adolescents with ASD exhibited more accurate metaperceptions than did typically developing adolescents. More positive perceptions and metaperceptions were associated with higher levels of observed social competence across groups. Findings extend our understanding of typically and atypically developing adolescents’ impressions of unfamiliar peers and their ability to discern what peers think of them.
KeywordsAutism spectrum disorder Adolescence Social cognition Metaperception Perception Social competence
This work was supported by the Marino Autism Research Institute (“Peer Interactions in Children and Adolescents with and without Autism,” PI Henderson); the University of Miami Department of Psychology/Fred C. and Helen Donn Flipse Research Support Fund and Psychology Graduate Student Organization; and the University of Wisconsin-Madison Waisman Center (T32 HD07489 , PI Mailick).
LU obtained funding, conceived of the study, participated in its design and coordination, performed the measurement, performed the statistical analysis, participated in interpretation of the data, and drafted the manuscript; CB participated in the design, performed the measurement, and participated in interpretation of the data; DM participated in the design of the study and participated in interpretation of the data; HH obtained funding, participated in its design and coordination, participated in interpretation of the data, and helped to draft the manuscript. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.
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