Advertisement

Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

, Volume 44, Issue 1, pp 229–235 | Cite as

The Relationship Between Clinical Presentation and Unusual Sensory Interests in Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Preliminary Investigation

  • Ditza A. Zachor
  • Esther Ben-Itzchak
Original Paper

Abstract

Unusual responses to sensory stimuli have been described in autism spectrum disorder (ASD).The study examined the frequencies of ‘unusual sensory interests’ and ‘negative sensory responses’ and their relation to functioning in a large ASD population (n = 679). Having ‘unusual sensory interests’ was reported in 70.4 % and ‘negative sensory responses’ in 66.0 % of the ASD group. Having ‘unusual sensory interests’ was associated with more severe reported and observed autism symptoms, lower cognitive ability and lower adaptive skills. In contrast, having ‘negative sensory responses’ was only associated with more severe reported stereotyped behaviors. It is suggested that having ‘unusual sensory interests’ is a part of a primary more severe type of ASD involving numerous developmental domains that might have a unique neurobiological origin.

Keywords

Autism spectrum disorders Unusual sensory interests Negative sensory responses Autism severity Adaptive skills Cognitive ability 

References

  1. American Psychiatric Association. (1994). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (DSM-IV) (4th ed.). DC: Washington.Google Scholar
  2. Baker, A. E., Lane, A., Angley, M. T., & Young, R. L. (2008). The relationship between sensory processing patterns and behavioural responsiveness in autistic disorder: A pilot study. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 38(5), 867–875.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Baranek, G. T. (1998). Tactile defensiveness and discrimination test—revised (TDDT–R). University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill: Unpublished manuscript.Google Scholar
  4. Baranek, G. T. (1999). Sensory processing assessment for young children (SPA). University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill: Unpublished manuscript.Google Scholar
  5. Baranek, G. T., David, F. J., Poe, M. D., Stone, W. L., & Watson, L. R. (2006). The sensory experiences questionnaire: Discriminating response patterns in young children with autism, developmental delays, and typical development. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 47(6), 591–601.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bayley, N. (1993). Bayley scales for infant development—second edition manual. San Antonio: Psychological Corporation.Google Scholar
  7. Ben-Sasson, A., Hen, L., Fluss, R., Cermak, S. A., Engel-Yeger, B., & Gal, E. (2009). A meta-analysis of sensory modulation symptoms in individuals with autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 39(1), 1–11.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Dunn, W. (1997). The impact of sensory processing abilities on the daily lives of young children and their families: A conceptual model. Infants and Young Children, 9, 23–35.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Dunn, W. (1999). Sensory profile. San Antonio: The Psychological Corporation.Google Scholar
  10. Gotham, K., Pickles, A., & Lord, C. (2009). Standardizing ADOS scores for a measure of severity in autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 39(5), 693–705.PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Gotham, K., Risi, S., Dawson, G., Tager-Flusberg, H., Joseph, R., Carter, A., et al. (2008). A replication of the autism diagnostic observation schedule (ADOS) revised algorithms. Journal of American Academyof Child and Adolescet Psychiatry, 47(6), 642–651.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Hilton, C., Graver, K., & LaVesser, P. (2007). Relationship between social competence and sensory processing in children with high functioning autism spectrum disorders. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 1, 164–173.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Honey, E., McConachie, H., Randle, V., Shearer, H., & Couteur, A. S. (2008). One-year change in repetitive behaviours in young children with communication disorders including autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 38(8), 1439–1450.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Johnson, C. P., & Myers, S. M. (2007). American academy of pediatrics council on children with disabilities. Identification and evaluation of children with autism spectrum disorders. Pediatrics, 120(5), 1183–1215.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Kaufman, A. S. (1983). Kaufman assessment battery for children (K-ABC). Circle Pines: American Guidance Services.Google Scholar
  16. Kern, J. K., Garver, C. R., Carmody, T., Andrews, A. A., Mehta, J. A., & Trivedi, M. H. (2008). Examining sensory modulation in individuals with autism as compared to community controls. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 2, 85–94.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Kern, J. K., Garver, C. R., Grannemann, B. D., Trivedi, M. H., Carmody, T., Andrews, A. A., et al. (2007). Response to vestibular sensory events in autism. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 1, 67–74.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Lane, A. E., Dennis, S. J., & Geraghty, M. E. (2011). Brief report: Further evidence of sensory subtypes in autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 41(6), 826–831.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Lane, A. E., Young, R. L., Baker, A. E. Z., & Angley, M. (2010). Sensory processing subtypes in autism: Association with adaptive behavior. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 40(1), 112–122.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Le Couteur, A., Lord, C., & Rutter, M. (2003). The autism diagnostic interview-revised (ADI-R). Los Angeles: Western Psychological Services.Google Scholar
  21. Liss, M., Saulnier, C., Fein, D., & Kinsbourne, M. (2006). Sensory and attention abnormalities in autism spectrum disorders. Autism, 10(2), 155–172.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Lord, C., Rutter, M., DiLavore, P. C., & Risi, S. (1999). Autism diagnostic observation schedule V generic. Los Angeles: Western Psychological Services.Google Scholar
  23. Mandy, W. P. L., Charman, T., & Skuse, D. H. (2012). Testing the construct validity of proposed criteria for DSM-5 autism spectrum disorder. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescents Psychiatry, 51(1), 41–50.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Miller, L. J., Anzalone, M. E., Lane, S. J., Cermak, S. A., & Osten, E. T. (2007). Concept evolution in sensory integration: A proposed nosology for diagnosis. The American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 61(2), 135–140.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Miller, L. J., Schoen, S., Coll, J., Brett-Green, B., & Reale, M. (2005). Final report: Quantitative psychophysiologic examination of sensory processing in children with autism spectrum disorders. Los Angeles: Cure Autism Now.Google Scholar
  26. Moore, V., & Goodson, S. (2003). How well does early diagnosis of autism stand the test of time? Follow-up study of children assessed for autism at age 2 and development of an early diagnostic service. Autism, 7(1), 47–63.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  27. Mullen, E. (1995). The mullen scales of early learning. Circle Pines: American Guidance Service.Google Scholar
  28. Rogers, S. J., & Ozonoff, S. (2005). Annotation: What do we know about sensory dysfunction in autism? A critical review of the empirical evidence. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 46(12), 1255–1268.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Sparrow, S., Balla, D., & Cicchetti, D. (1984). Vineland adaptive behavior scales. American guidance services. MN: Circle Pines.Google Scholar
  30. Thorndike, R. M., Hagen, E. P., & Sattler, J. M. (1986). Stanford-Binet Intelligence scale (4th ed.) Itasca, IL: Riverside Publishing.Google Scholar
  31. Watson, L. R., Patten, E., Baranek, G. T., Poe, M., & Boyd, B. A. (2011). Differential associations between sensory response patterns and language, social, and communication measures in children with autism or other developmental disabilities. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 54(6), 1562–1576.PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Wechsler, D. (1989). Wechsler preschool and primary scale of intelligence-revised. New York: The Psychological Corporation.Google Scholar
  33. Wechsler, D. (2003). Wechsler intelligence scale for children (4th ed.). San Antonio: The Psychological Corporation.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Pediatrics, The Autism CenterAssaf Harofeh Medical CenterZerifinIsrael
  2. 2.The Sackler School of MedicineTel Aviv UniversityTel AvivIsrael
  3. 3.Department of Communication DisordersAriel UniversityArielIsrael
  4. 4.The Autism CenterAssaf Harofeh Medical CenterZerifinIsrael

Personalised recommendations