Improving Socialization for High School Students with ASD by Using Their Preferred Interests
- 2.3k Downloads
There has been a paucity of research on effective social interventions for adolescents with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) in inclusive high school settings. The literature, however, suggests that incorporating the student with ASD’s special interests into activities may help improve their socialization with typical peers. Within the context of a multiple baseline across participants design, we implemented lunchtime activities incorporating the adolescent with ASD’s preferred interests that were similar to ongoing activities already available at the schools. Results showed this increased both level of engagement and their rate of initiations made to typical peers. Social validation measures suggest that both adolescents with ASD and typical peers enjoyed participating in these activities and that the results generalized to other similar activities.
KeywordsSocial High school Autism spectrum disorders Inclusion
Thank you to the families with adolescents with ASD who participated and the high schools that collaborated with us in this research project. Funding for this research was provided by Autism Speaks. In addition, funding for this research was also provided in part by an URCA grant from the University of California, Santa Barbara, and by NIH research grant DC010924 from NIDCD. The authors also wish to thank the undergraduate research assistants: Kelsey Henry, Kelsee Kennedy, and Benjamin Baranes. Finally, Robert and Lynn Koegel are also partners in the firm, Koegel Autism Consultants, LLC.
- American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders DSM-IV-TR (4th ed.). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Publications.Google Scholar
- Bailey, J. S., & Burch, M. R. (2002). Research methods in applied behavior analysis. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications, Inc.Google Scholar
- Barlow, D. H., & Hersen, M. (1984). Single case experimental designs: Strategies for studying behavior change (2nd ed.). New York: Pergamon Press.Google Scholar
- Beresford, B., Tozer, R., Rabiee, P., & Sloper, P. (2007). Desired outcomes for children and adolescents with autistic spectrum disorders. Children and Society, 21, 4–16.Google Scholar
- Brown, W. H., Odom, S. L., & Conroy, M. A. (2001). An intervention hierarchy for promoting young children’s peer interactions in natural environments. Topics in Early Childhood Special Education, 21(3), 162–175.Google Scholar
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2009). Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/autism/signs.html.
- Hughes, C., Golas, M., Cosgriff, J., Brigham, N., Edwards, C., & Cashen, K. (2011). Effects of a social skills intervention among high school students with intellectual disabilities and autism and their general education peers. Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 36(1), 46–61.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Koegel, R. L., Fredeen, R., Kim, S., Danial, J., Rubinstein, D., & Koegel, L. K. (2012b). Using perseverative interests to improve interactions between adolescents with autism and their typical peers in school settings. Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions, 14(3), 133–141.Google Scholar
- Koegel, R. L., & Koegel, L. K. (2006). Pivotal response treatments for autism: Communication, social, and academic development. Baltimore: Brookes Publishing Company.Google Scholar
- Koegel, L., Matos-Fredeen, R., Lang, R., & Koegel, R. (2011). Interventions for children with autism spectrum disorders in inclusive school settings. Cognitive and Behavioral Practice, 18(3), 421–588.Google Scholar
- Koegel, L., Robinson, S., & Koegel, R. L. (2009). Empirically supported intervention practices for autism spectrum disorders in school and community settings: Issues and practices. In W. Sailor, G. Dunlap, G. Sugai, & R. Homer (Eds.), Handbook of positive behavior support (pp. 149–176).Google Scholar
- Koegel, L., Vernon, T., Koegel, R. L., Koegel, B., & Paullin, A. W. (2012a). Improving socialization between children with autism spectrum disorder and their peers in inclusive settings. Journal of Positive Behavioral Intervention, 14(4), 220–227.Google Scholar
- National Institute of Mental Health. (2008). Autism spectrum disorders: Pervasive developmental disorders. Retrieved from http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/publications/autism/complete-index.shtml.
- Simonoff, E., Pickles, A., Charman, T., Chandler, S., Louca, T., & Baird, G. (2008). Psychiatric disorders in children with autism spectrum disorders: Prevalence, comorbidity, and associated factors in a population-derived sample. Journal of American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 47(8), 921–929.CrossRefGoogle Scholar