Brief Report: Selective Social Anhedonia in High Functioning Autism
- 1k Downloads
Diminished social motivation is one of the most striking features in autism. Yet, few studies have directly assessed the value people with an ASD place on social interactions, or how rewarding they report it to be. In the present study, we directly measure social motivation by looking at responses to a questionnaire assessing self-reported pleasure in social and non social situations. Twenty-nine adolescents with ASD and matched controls took part in the study. Our results reveal that children with an ASD differ from the controls with respect to social enjoyment, but not with respect to physical and other sources of hedonism. Further analyses demonstrate that the degree of social anhedonia correlates with autism severity.
KeywordsAnhedonia Social motivation Autism spectrum disorders Social anhedonia Social interest
FH and CC were supported by the Economic and Social Research Council [grant code RES-000-22-3136]. CM was supported by the Economic and Social Research Council [grant code PTA-026-27-2226]. CC, JG and SB were supported by the “Fondation pour la Recherche Psychiatrique et la Santé Mentale” and the “Orange Foundation”. The authors also wish to warmly thank children and staff who took part in this study.
- APA. (1994). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed.). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.Google Scholar
- Asperger, H. (1944). Die “Autistischen Psychopathen” im Kindesalter. European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience, 117(1), 76–136.Google Scholar
- Eisenberger, N., Lieberman, M., & Williams, K. (2003). Does rejection hurt? An fMRI study of social exclusion (Vol. 302, pp. 290–292). American Association for the Advancement of Science.Google Scholar
- Gutkovich, Z., Morrissey, R. F., Espaillat, R. K., & Dicker, R. Anhedonia and pessimism in hospitalized depressed adolescents. Depression Research and Treatment (in press).Google Scholar
- Kanner, L. (1943). Autistic disturbances of affective contact. Nervous Child, 2, 217–250.Google Scholar
- Lord, C., Risi, S., Lambrecht, L., Cook, E. H., Leventhal, B. L., DiLavore, P. C., et al. (2000). The autism diagnostic observation schedule—generic: A standard measure of social and communication deficits associated with the spectrum of autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 30(3), 205–223.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Wechsler, D. (1999). Wechsler abbreviated scales of intelligence. London: The Psychological Corporation.Google Scholar