Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

, Volume 40, Issue 8, pp 958–967 | Cite as

Working Memory in Early-School-Age Children with Asperger’s Syndrome

  • Jifang Cui
  • Dingguo Gao
  • Yinghe Chen
  • Xiaobing Zou
  • Ya Wang
Original Paper


Using a battery of working memory span tasks and n-back tasks, this study aimed to explore working memory functions in early-school-age children with Asperger’s syndrome (AS). Twelve children with AS and 29 healthy children matched on age and IQ were recruited. Results showed: (a) children with AS performed better in digit and word recall tasks, but worse in block recall task and variant-visual-patterns test; (b) children with AS took longer time in most conditions of n-back tasks, and showed larger effects of task load. These findings indicated imbalance of working memory development in AS children: they had advantage in the phonological loop storing, but disadvantage in the visuospatial sketchpad storing, and partial deficit in central executive.


Asperger’s syndrome Executive function Working memory High functioning autism 



This research is supported by Fok Ying Tung Education Foundation (No. 91024), Science and Technology Planning Project of Guangdong Province, China (No. 2008B080701041), and the 985-2 Research Program (No. 2006-90015-3272210) of Sun Yat-Sen University. J. Cui, D. Gao and Y. Chen contributed equally to this work.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jifang Cui
    • 1
  • Dingguo Gao
    • 2
  • Yinghe Chen
    • 1
  • Xiaobing Zou
    • 3
  • Ya Wang
    • 4
  1. 1.Institute of Developmental Psychology and School of PsychologyBeijing Normal UniversityBeijingChina
  2. 2.Department of PsychologySun Yat-Sen UniversityGuangzhouChina
  3. 3.The Third Affiliated HospitalSun Yat-Sen UniversityGuangzhouChina
  4. 4.Neuropsychology and Applied Cognitive Neuropsychology Laboratory, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Key Laboratory of Mental Health, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina

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