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Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

, Volume 36, Issue 8, pp 1007–1024 | Cite as

Teaching Young Nonverbal Children with Autism Useful Speech: A Pilot Study of the Denver Model and PROMPT Interventions

  • Sally J. Rogers
  • Deborah Hayden
  • Susan Hepburn
  • Renee Charlifue-Smith
  • Terry Hall
  • Athena Hayes
Original Paper

Abstract

This single subject design study examined two models of intervention: Denver Model (which merges behavioral, developmental, and relationship-oriented intervention), and PROMPT (a neuro-developmental approach for speech production disorders). Ten young, nonverbal children with autism were matched in pairs and randomized to treatment. They received 12 1-h weekly sessions of therapy and daily 1-h home intervention delivered by parents. Fidelity criteria were maintained throughout. Eight of the ten children used five or more novel, functional words spontaneously and spoke multiple times per hour by the conclusion of treatment. There were no differences in acquired language skills by intervention group. Initial characteristics of the best responders were mild to moderate symptoms of autism, better motor imitation skills, and emerging joint attention skills.

Keywords

Autism Language Treatment Intervention 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sally J. Rogers
    • 1
  • Deborah Hayden
    • 2
  • Susan Hepburn
    • 3
  • Renee Charlifue-Smith
    • 3
  • Terry Hall
    • 3
  • Athena Hayes
    • 3
  1. 1.M.I.N.D. Institute, University California DavisSacramentoUSA
  2. 2.PROMPT InstituteSanta FeUSA
  3. 3.University of Colorado Health Sciences CenterDenverUSA

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