The Autism-Spectrum Quotient (AQ)—Adolescent Version
- 2.8k Downloads
The Autism Spectrum Quotient (AQ) quantifies autistic traits in adults. This paper adapted the AQ for children (age 9.8–15.4 years). Three groups of participants were assessed: Group 1: n=52 adolescents with Asperger Syndrome (AS) or high-functioning autism (HFA); Group 2: n=79 adolescents with classic autism; and Group 3, n=50 controls. The adolescents with AS/HFA did not differ significantly from the adolescents with autism but both clinical groups scored higher than controls. Approximately 90% of the adolescents with AS/HFA and autism scored 30+, vs. none of the controls. Among the controls, boys scored higher than girls. The AQ can rapidly quantify where an adolescent is situated on the continuum from autism to normality.
KeywordsAQ adolescents screening autistic spectrum Asperger Syndrome
The authors were supported by a grant from the MRC and the Lurie-Marks Foundation, during the period of this work. Rosa Hoekstra was supported by a grant from the HsN Hersenstichting Nederland, the Bekker-La Bastide Fund and the Schuurman Schimmel van Outeren Foundation.
- APA. (1994). DSM-IV diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, 4th ed. Washington DC: American Psychiatric AssociationGoogle Scholar
- Attwood T. (1997). Asperger’s Syndrome UK Jessica KingsleyGoogle Scholar
- Baron-Cohen S., Hammer J. (1997). Is autism an extreme form of the male brain? Advances in Infancy Research 11:193–217Google Scholar
- Baron-Cohen S., Richler J., Bisarya D., Gurunathan N., Wheelwright S. (2003). The Systemising Quotient (SQ): An investigation of adults with Asperger Syndrome or high functioning autism and normal sex differences Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, Series B, Special issue on “Autism: Mind and Brain” 358:361–374CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Wakabayashi A., Baron-Cohen S., Wheelwright S., (2004). The Autism-Spectrum Quotient (AQ) Japanese version: Evidence from high-functioning clinical group and normal adults The Japanese Journal of Psychology 75:78–84Google Scholar
- Wechsler D., (1958). Sex differences in intelligence : The measurement and appraisal of adult intelligence Baltimore Williams & WilkingGoogle Scholar