Maternal and Family Processes in Different Subgroups of Youth with Autism Spectrum Disorder

  • Jane Pei-Chen Chang
  • Meng-Chuan Lai
  • Miao-Chun Chou
  • Chi-Yung Shang
  • Yen-Nan Chiu
  • Wen-Che Tsai
  • Yu-Yu Wu
  • Susan Shur-Fen Gau
Article

Abstract

We compared the maternal reports on mothering and family processes between 160 youth with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and 160 age and gender-matched typically developing (TD) youth stratified by personal characteristics from Taiwan. The ASD groups consisted of 51 ‘typical autism’ (TA), 52 ‘high-functioning autism’ (HFA), and 57 ‘Asperger syndrome (AS).’ Maternal reports showed that youth with ASD obtained less affection and more protection from the mother, and had less active mother-child interactions and more behavioral problems at home. Their mothers perceived less family support when compared to mothers of TD youth. Moreover, both TA and AS groups had more maternal protection and less maternal perceived family support, whereas HFA and co-occurring ADHD were only associated with more behavioral problems at home. The maternal and family process may vary across different ASD subgroups.

Keywords

ASD Mothering Family support Mother-child relationships 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work is partially supported by the Ministry of Science and Technology (NSC97-3112-B-002-009, NSC98-3112-B-002-004, NSC 101-2314-B-002-136-MY3), National Health Research Institute (NHRI-EX104-10404PI), and National Taiwan University AIM for Top University Excellent Research Project (10R81918-03,101R892103, 102R892103, 103R892103), Taiwan. Meng-Chuan Lai is supported by the O’Brien Scholars Program within the Child and Youth Mental Health Collaborative at the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health and The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto. We would like to express our thanks to the participants and their parents for their generous contribution to the study.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

There is no conflict of interest with regard to this work.

Ethical Approval

This study has been approved by the Research Ethics Committee of National Taiwan University Hospital Institutional Review Board, and therefore all procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed Consent

Written informed consent was obtained from all individual participants and their mothers included in the study.

Supplementary material

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jane Pei-Chen Chang
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Meng-Chuan Lai
    • 1
    • 4
    • 5
  • Miao-Chun Chou
    • 6
  • Chi-Yung Shang
    • 1
  • Yen-Nan Chiu
    • 1
  • Wen-Che Tsai
    • 1
  • Yu-Yu Wu
    • 7
  • Susan Shur-Fen Gau
    • 1
    • 8
  1. 1.Department of PsychiatryNational Taiwan University Hospital and College of MedicineTaipeiTaiwan
  2. 2.Department of Psychological Medicine, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and NeuroscienceKing’s College LondonLondonUK
  3. 3.Department of PsychiatryChina Medical University Hospital and College of MedicineTaichungTaiwan
  4. 4.Child and Youth Mental Health Collaborative at the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health and The Hospital for Sick Children, Department of PsychiatryUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada
  5. 5.Autism Research Centre, Department of PsychiatryUniversity of CambridgeCambridgeUK
  6. 6.Department of PsychiatryKaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital and Chang Gung UniversityTaoyuanTaiwan
  7. 7.Department of PsychiatryChang Gung Memorial Hospital-Linkou Medical CenterLinkouTaiwan
  8. 8.Department of Psychology, School of Occupational Therapy, and Graduate Institute of Brain and Mind SciencesNational Taiwan UniversityTaipeiTaiwan

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