Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology

, Volume 33, Issue 1, pp 99–112 | Cite as

Trajectories of Peer-Nominated Aggression: Risk Status, Predictors and Outcomes

  • Pol A. C. van Lier
  • Alfons A. M. Crijnen
Original Article


Developmental trajectories of peer-nominated aggression, risk factors at baseline, and outcomes were studied. Peer nominations of aggression were obtained annually from grades 1 to 3. Three developmental trajectories were identified: an early-onset/increasers trajectory with high levels of peer-nominated aggression at elementary school entry and increasing levels throughout follow-up; a moderate-persistent trajectory of aggression in which children were characterized by moderate levels of physical aggression at baseline; and a third trajectory with stable low levels of aggression. Children following the early-onset/increasers trajectory showed physical forms of aggression at baseline. Male gender and comorbid attention deficit/hyperactivity problems, oppositional defiant problems and poor prosocial behavior plus negative life events predicted which children would follow the early-onset/increasers trajectory of aggression. The outcomes associated with the early-onset/increaser children suggest high risk for chronically high levels of aggressive behavior.

developmental trajectories conduct problems peer nominations of aggression risk factors 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pol A. C. van Lier
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Alfons A. M. Crijnen
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Child and Adolescent PsychiatryRotterdamThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Department of Developmental PsychologyVrije Universiteit AmsterdamAmsterdamThe Netherlands
  3. 3.Department of Developmental PsychologyVrije Universiteit AmsterdamBT AmsterdamThe Netherlands

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