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Journal of Applied Electrochemistry

, Volume 48, Issue 6, pp 651–662 | Cite as

Effect of the pore size and surface modification of porous glass membranes on vanadium redox-flow battery performance

  • H. Mögelin
  • A. Barascu
  • S. Krenkel
  • D. Enke
  • T. Turek
  • U. Kunz
Research Article

Abstract

Porous glass (PG) offers the ability to vary pore sizes and modify surfaces, allowing membranes to be tailored for a given electrochemical application. In this contribution, the application of PG in all-vanadium redox-flow batteries (VFB) and the effect of surface modification with sulfonic acid groups were investigated, and the results were compared with those from well-known polymeric membranes. The performance of native and surface-modified PG membranes with pore sizes ranging from 2 to 20 nm and thicknesses of 300 and 500 µm was investigated by examining their self-discharge behavior, polarization curves and area resistance. A maximum power density of 77 mW cm−2 at a current density of 110 mA cm−2 was observed with the modified membrane 505FDS, and this density is approximately half the power density achieved with Nafion™ 117. The results can be related to the small vanadium crossover, high conductivity and chemical stability. Therefore, the great potential of PG membranes as separators in VFBs was shown.

Graphical Abstract

Keywords

Vanadium redox-flow battery Porous glass membrane Pore size Surface modification 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to thank the Energy Research Center of Lower Saxony (Energie-Forschungszentrum Niedersachsen) and are grateful for the funding provided by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) [Project Numbers KU 853/15-1 and EN 942/6-1]. Additionally, the authors would like to thank Eisenhuth GmbH & Co. KG for providing bipolar plates and gaskets and their very constructive cooperation.

Supplementary material

10800_2018_1201_MOESM1_ESM.docx (40 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 39 KB)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Chemical and Electrochemical Process EngineeringClausthal University of TechnologyClausthal-ZellerfeldGermany
  2. 2.Energy Research CenterClausthal University of TechnologyGoslarGermany
  3. 3.Institute of Chemical TechnologyUniversität LeipzigLeipzigGermany

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