Journal of Applied Electrochemistry

, Volume 48, Issue 4, pp 405–413 | Cite as

Effect of carbon properties on the electrochemical performance of carbon-based air electrodes for rechargeable zinc–air batteries

  • Yu-Jeong Min
  • Su-Jung Oh
  • Min-Soo Kim
  • Jeong-Hee Choi
  • Seungwook Eom
Research Article


The carbon-based air electrode for zinc–air batteries has its advantages, such as high electrical conductivity and porosity; however, its stability is poor, affecting the cycle life of batteries. Degradation of the electrode can be caused by carbon corrosion during charging at high voltage. In this study, air electrodes were prepared with several types of carbon materials. The electrochemical performances of the electrodes were measured to investigate the effects of the corrosion properties of several carbons with different physical properties. The initial electrochemical performance of the carbon black-electrode was the best due to its high specific surface area. In contrast, the long-term cyclabilities of graphite1- and graphite2-electrodes were superior. Both electrodes exhibited high crystallinity and high uniformity in terms of the particle size and shape. Considering durability, the graphite1-electrode was deemed the most suitable as an air electrode for zinc–air batteries.

Graphical Abstract


Rechargeable zinc–air battery Air electrode Catalyst support Carbon corrosion Cycleability Carbon’s physical properties 

Supplementary material

10800_2018_1173_MOESM1_ESM.docx (36 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 37 KB)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Battery Research CenterKorea Electrotechnology Research Institute (KERI)ChangwonRepublic of Korea
  2. 2.Electro-Functionality Materials EngineeringUniversity of Science and TechnologyDaejeonRepublic of Korea
  3. 3.Department of Polymer Science and EngineeringPusan National UniversityPusanRepublic of Korea

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