Journal of Applied Electrochemistry

, Volume 46, Issue 7, pp 745–753 | Cite as

Enhancement of the electrocatalytic oxygen reduction reaction on Pd3Pb ordered intermetallic catalyst in alkaline aqueous solutions

  • Arockiam John Jeevagan
  • Takao Gunji
  • Fūma Ando
  • Toyokazu Tanabe
  • Shingo Kaneko
  • Futoshi Matsumoto
Research Article
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Fuel cells


Enhancement of the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) was examined with Pd3Pb ordered intermetallic nanoparticles (NPs) supported on titania (Pd3Pb/TiO2). The Pd3Pb/TiO2 catalyst was synthesized by a conventional wet chemical method with Pd and Pb ion precursors, a reducing agent and TiO2 powder under ambient temperature. X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy measurements indicated the formation of the ordered intermetallic phase of Pd3Pb in the NP form on the TiO2 surface. Electrochemical measurements showed that the Pd3Pb/TiO2 catalyst markedly enhanced the ORR in an alkaline environment due to the unique surface of Pd3Pb NPs and the strong interaction between Pd3Pb and TiO2 compared with TiO2-supported Pd, Pt, and PtPb NPs. The onset potential of Pd3Pb/TiO2 was shifted toward a higher potential by 110–150 mV compared with Pd/TiO2, PtPb/TiO2, and Pt/TiO2.

Graphical Abstract


Electrocatalysis Oxygen reduction reaction Ordered intermetallic phase Alkaline media 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Arockiam John Jeevagan
    • 1
  • Takao Gunji
    • 1
  • Fūma Ando
    • 1
  • Toyokazu Tanabe
    • 1
  • Shingo Kaneko
    • 2
  • Futoshi Matsumoto
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Materials and Life ChemistryKanagawa UniversityYokohamaJapan
  2. 2.Research Institute for EngineeringKanagawa UniversityYokohamaJapan

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