Journal of Applied Electrochemistry

, Volume 42, Issue 8, pp 555–559 | Cite as

High-performance Sn–Ni alloy nanorod electrodes prepared by electrodeposition for lithium ion rechargeable batteries

  • Dongdong Jiang
  • Xiaohua Ma
  • Yanbao Fu
Original Paper


To reduce irreversible capacity and improve cycle performance of tin used in lithium ion batteries, Sn–Ni alloy nanorod electrodes with different Sn/Ni ratios were prepared by an anodic aluminum oxide template-assisted electrodeposition method. The structural and electrochemical performance of the electrode were characterized using scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, cyclic voltammetry, and galvanostatic charge–discharge cycling measurement. The results showed that the copper substrate is covered with uniformly distributed Sn–Ni alloy nanorods with an average diameter of 250 nm. Different phases (Sn, Ni3Sn4 and metastable phases) of alloy nanorod formed in the electrodeposition baths with different compositions of Sn2+ and Ni2+ ions. Sn–Ni alloy nanorod electrode delivered excellent capacity retention and rate performance.


Sn–Ni alloy Nanorods Electrodeposition Lithium ion batteries 


  1. 1.
    Chan CK, Peng HL, Liu G, Mcilwrath K, Zhang XF, Huggins RA, Cui Y (2008) Nat Nanotechnol 3:31–35CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Taberna PL, Mitra S, Poizot P, Simon P, Tarascon JM (2006) Nat Mater 5:567–573CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Duan HN, Gnanaraj J, Chen XP, Li BQ, Liang JY (2008) J Power Sources 185:512–518CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Bazin L, Mitra S, Taberna PL, Poizot P, Gressier M, Menu MJ, Barnabe A, Simon P, Tarascon JM (2009) J Power Sources 188:578–582CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Idota Y, Kubota T, Matsufuji A, Maekawa Y, Miyasaka T (1997) Science 276:1395–1397CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Poizot P, Laruelle S, Grugeon S, Dupont L, Tarascon JM (2000) Nature 407:496–499CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Li NC, Martin CR, Scrosati B (2001) J Power Sources 97–98:240–243CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Courtney IA, Dahn JR (1997) J Electrochem Soc 144:2045–2052CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Whitehead AH, Elliott JM, Owen JR (1999) J Power Sources 81–82:33–38CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Tamura N, Ohshita R, Fujimoto M, Kamino M, Fujitani SJ (2003) J Electrochem Soc 150:A679–A683CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Winter M, Besenhard JO (1999) Electrochim Acta 45:31–50CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Yang J, Wachtler M, Winter M, Besenhard JO (1999) Electrochem Solid State Lett 2:161–163CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Lee SJ, Lee HY, Jeong SH, Baik HK, Lee SM (2002) J Power Sources 111:345–349CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Ke FS, Huang L, Jiang HH, Wei HB, Yang FZ, Sun SG (2007) Electrochem Commun 9:228–232CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Tamura N, Fujimoto M, Kamino M, Fujitani S (2004) Electrochim Acta 49:1949–1956CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Fan X, Ke F, Wei G, Huang L, Sun S (2009) J Alloy Compd 476:70–73CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    He J, Zhao H, Wang J, Chen J (2010) J Alloy Compd 508:629–635CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Wachtler M, Winter M, Besenhard JO (2002) J Power Sources 105:151–160CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Chen X, Shi P (2005) J Alloy Compd 391:241–244CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Park MS, Wang GX, Kang YM, Wexler D, Dou SX, Liu HK (2007) Angew Chem Int Ed 46:750–753CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Shaju KM, Jiao F, Debart A, Bruce PG (2007) Phys Chem Chem Phys 9:1837–1842CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Armstrong G, Armstrong AR, Bruce PG, Reale P, Scrosati B (2006) Adv Mater 18:2597–2600CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Long JW, Dunn B, Rolison DR, White HS (2004) Chem Rev 104:4463–4492CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Watanabe T, Hirose T, Arai K, Chikazawa M (1999) J Jpn Inst Met 63:496–501Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Materials ScienceFudan UniversityShanghaiChina

Personalised recommendations