Polarization curve analysis of all-vanadium redox flow batteries

  • Doug Aaron
  • Zhijiang Tang
  • Alexander B. Papandrew
  • Thomas A. Zawodzinski
Original Paper


We outline the analysis of performance of redox flow batteries (RFBs) using polarization curves. This method allows the researcher immediate access to sources of performance losses in flow batteries operating at steady state. We provide guidance on ‘best practices’ for use of this tool, illustrated using examples from single cells operating as vanadium redox batteries.


Flow battery Polarization curve Vanadium redox battery VRB RFB 



We gratefully acknowledge the Governor’s Chair Fund from the State of Tennessee for support of this research. TZ also acknowledges the support of the Materials Science and Technology Division of the Physical Sciences Directorate at Oak Ridge National Lab for support of this work through coverage of his time. DA and ZT acknowledge SEERC and the Dept. of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering for their partial support of this work.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Doug Aaron
    • 1
  • Zhijiang Tang
    • 1
  • Alexander B. Papandrew
    • 1
  • Thomas A. Zawodzinski
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Chemical and Biomolecular EngineeringUniversity of TennesseeKnoxvilleUSA
  2. 2.Physical Chemistry of Materials GroupOak Ridge National LaboratoryOak RidgeUSA

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