Journal of Applied Electrochemistry

, Volume 41, Issue 5, pp 527–534 | Cite as

Platinum nanoparticles self-assembled onto chitosan membrane as anode for direct methanol fuel cell

  • Mehri-Saddat Ekrami-Kakhki
  • Mozhgan Khorasani-Motlagh
  • Meissam Noroozifar
Original Paper


In this article, incorporation of platinum nanoparticles (PtNPs) into chitosan-coated glassy carbon (GC) electrode for methanol oxidation is studied. Pt–chitosan nanocomposites are prepared and characterized by UV–vis spectroscopy, X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Catalytic activity of GC–PtNPs–chitosan electrode for the electrooxidation of methanol is studied by cyclic voltammetry and chronoamperometry. The current density and potential of the methanol oxidation are affected by amount of platinum, methanol, sulfuric acid, and chitosan. The current density of the methanol oxidation at GC–PtNPs–chitosan electrode is measured in optimized conditions and compared with that obtained at the glassy carbon modified electrode by Pt with different polymers.


Direct methanol full cell Nanoparticles Platinum Chitosan Electrocatalyst 



We thank University of Sistan and Baluchestan (USB) for financial support.


  1. 1.
    Cheng TT, Gyenge EL (2008) J Appl Electrochem 38:51CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Lam VWS, Alfantazi A, Gyenge EL (2009) J Appl Electrochem 39:1763CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Lamy C, Lima A, LeRhun V et al (2002) J Power Sources 105:283CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Hamnett A (1997) Catal Today 38:445CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Reddington E, Sapienza A, Gurau B et al (1998) Science 280:1735CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Witham CK, Chun W, Valdez TI et al (2000) Electrochem Solid-State Lett 3:497CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Wasmus S, Kuver A (1999) J Electroanal Chem 461:14CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Le′ger JM (2001) J Appl Electrochem 31:767CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Golabi SM, Nozad A (2002) J Electroanal Chem 521:161CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Golabi SM, Nozad A (2003) Electroanalysis 15:278CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Foti G, Mousty C, Novy K et al (2000) J Appl Electrochem 30:147CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Kost KM, Bartak DE, Kazee B et al (1988) Anal Chem 60:2379CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Santhosh P, Gopalan A, Vasudevan T et al (2006) Appl Surf Sci 252:7964CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Antolini E, Gonzalez ER (2009) Appl Catal A 365:1CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Niu L, Li Q, Wei F et al (2005) J Electroanal Chem 578:331CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Niu L, Li Q, Wei F et al (2003) Synth Met 139:271–276CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Lenoe A, Marino W, Scharifker BR (1992) J Electrochem Soc 139:438CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Zhong QL, Li WH, Tian ZQ (1994) Acta Physchim Sin 10:813Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Bouzek K, Mangold K-M, Jüttner K (2001) J Appl Electrochem 31:501CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Hammache H, Makhloufi L, Saidani B (2001) Synth Met 123:515CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Biallozor S, Kupniewska A, Jasulaitene V (2003) Fuel Cells 3:8CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Yassar A, Roncali J, Garnier F (1988) J Electroanal Chem 255:53CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Mark JE (1996) Polym Eng Sci 36:2905CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Akamatsu K, Takei S, Mizuhata M et al (2000) Thin Solid Films 359:55CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Zeng R, Rong MZ, Zhang MQ et al (2002) Appl Surf Sci 187:239CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Cole DH, Shull KR, Baldo P et al (1999) Macromolecules 32:771CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Guibal E (2005) Prog Polym Sci 30:71CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Du Y, Luo X-L, Xu J-J et al (2007) Bioelectrochemistry 70:342CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Fuentes S, Retuert PJ, Ubilla A et al (2000) Biomacromolecules 1:239CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Tanabe T, Okitsu N, Tachibana A et al (2002) Biomaterials 23:817–825CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Zhang M, Li XH, Gong YD et al (2002) Biomaterials 23:2641CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Guibal E (2004) Separ Purif Technol 38:43CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Ben-Shalom N (2003) In: Brzezinski R, Boucher I, Retnakaran A (eds) Ninth international chitin–chitosan conference. Montreal, CanadaGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Mohamed NS, Subban RHY, Arof AK (1995) J Power Sources 56:153CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Yahya MZA, Arof AK (2002) Eur Polym J 38:1191CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Yahya MZA, Arof AK (2003) Eur Polym J 39:897CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Yonezawa Y, Sato T, Kawabata I (1994) Chem Lett 23:355CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Yonezawa Y, Kawabata I, Sato T (1996) Ber Bunsenges Phys Chem 100:39Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    Osifo PO, Masala A (2010) J Power Sources 195:4915CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Tang Z, Geng D, Lu G (2005) Mater Lett 59:1567CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Huang H, Yuan Q, Yang X (2004) Colloids Surfaces B 39:31CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Ge X, Liu Y, Liu X (2001) Sens Actuators B 79:171CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Cai K-D, Yin G-P, Wang J-J et al (2009) Energy Fuels 23:903CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    Saha MS, Li R, Sun X (2008) J Power Sources 7:314CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    Carter RN, Kocha SS, Wager FT et al (2007) ECS Trans 11(1):403CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    Pozio A, Francesco MD, Cemmi A et al (2002) J Power Sources 105:13CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    Maillard F, Martin M, Gloaguen F et al (2002) Electrochim Acta 47:431CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    Prater DN, Rusek JJ (2003) Appl Energy 74:135CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    Chen M, Wang ZB, Ding Y et al (2008) Electrochem Commun 10:443CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    Wang ZB, Zuo Pj, Yin GP (2009) J Alloys Compd 479:395CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. 51.
    Razmi H, Habibi Es, Heidari H (2008) Electrochim Acta 53:8178–8185CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    Hu CC, Liu KY (1999) Electrochim Acta 44:2727CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. 53.
    Nozad AG, Ghannadi MM, Sedaghat SS et al (2006) Electroanalysis 18:911CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. 54.
    Kim P, Joo JB, Kim W et al (2006) J Power Sources 160:987CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. 55.
    Saha MS, Li R, Sun X (2008) J Power Sources 177:314CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. 56.
    Tong H, Li HL, Zhang XG (2007) Carbon 45:2424CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. 57.
    Zhou W, Du Y, Ren F et al (2010) Int J Hydrog Energy 35:3270CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. 58.
    Xu Y, Lin X (2007) Electrochim Acta 52:5140CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mehri-Saddat Ekrami-Kakhki
    • 1
  • Mozhgan Khorasani-Motlagh
    • 1
  • Meissam Noroozifar
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryUniversity of Sistan & BaluchestanZahedanIran

Personalised recommendations