Advertisement

Journal of Applied Electrochemistry

, Volume 40, Issue 10, pp 1807–1816 | Cite as

Diamond electrodes for electrochemical analysis

  • Yasuaki Einaga
Original Paper

Introduction

Conductive boron-doped diamond (BDD) is an alternative to traditional carbon electrodes that provides superior chemical and dimensional stability, low background currents, and a very wide potential window of water stability. Recently, electrochemical applications using BDD electrodes are attracting much attention in many fields, not only in electrochemistry but also in fields such as functional materials science, analytical chemistry, environmental science, biomedical or biological science and so on [1, 2, 3, 4, 5]. In fact, waste water treatment systems, ozone or fluorine generation systems, using BDD electrodes have already become commercially available, and the number of publications involving BDD electrochemistry research is drastically increasing year by year.

In this paper, several examples of electroanalytical applications using polycrystalline BDD electrodes will be shown. Furthermore, some examples using modified functional BDD electrodes such as ion-implanted...

Keywords

Arsenite Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy Flow Injection Analysis Free Chlorine Wide Potential Window 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgements

The author would like to express thanks to all of co-workers, especially Dr. T. A. Ivandini, Dr. M. Murata, Dr. M. Chiku, Mr. T. Watanabe, Ms. A. Suzuki (Keio University), Dr. K. Yoshimi, and Prof. S. Kitazawa (Juntendo University). I would also like to thank Professor A. Fujishima for his beneficial help and valuable support throughout these works. Finally, I wish to congratulate Professor Christos Comninellis on his 65th happy birthday. He always gave me encouraging and stimulating remarks. His encouragements and heartful suggestions made my research activity fruitful.

References

  1. 1.
    Granger MC, Witek M, Xu J, Wang J, Hupert M, Hanks A, Koppang MD, Butler JE, Lucazeau G, Mermoux M, Strojek JW, Swain GM (2000) Anal Chem 72:3793CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Fujishima A, Einaga Y, Rao TN, Tryk DA (eds) (2005) Diamond Electrochemistry. BKC Inc and ElsevierGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Kraft A (2007) J Electrochem Sci 2:355Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    McCreery RL (2008) Chem Rev 108:2646CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Luong JH, Male KB, Glennon JD (2009) Analyst 134:1965CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Yano T, Tryk DA, Hashimoto K, Fujishima A (1998) J Electrochem Soc 145:1870CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Murata M, Ivandini TA, Shibata M, Nomura S, Fujishima A, Einaga Y (2008) J Electroanal Chem 612:29CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Kodera F, Umeda M, Yamada Y (2005) Anal Chim Acta 537:293CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Ivandini TA, Rao TN, Fujishima A, Einaga Y (2006) Anal Chem 78:3467CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Chiku M, Ivandini TA, Kamiya A, Fujishima A, Einaga Y (2008) J Electroanal Chem 612:201CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Armstrong FA (2002) Encyclopedia Electrochem 9:11Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Chiku M, Nakamura J, Fujishima A, Einaga Y (2008) Anal Chem 80:5783CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Chiku M, Horisawa K, Doi N, Yanagawa H, Einaga Y (submitted)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Preechaworapun A, Ivandini TA, Suzuki A, Fujishima A, Chailapakul O, Einaga Y (2008) Anal Chem 80:2077CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Ivandini TA, Sato R, Makide Y, Fujishima A, Einaga Y (2006) Anal Chem 78:6291CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Salimi A, Hyde ME, Banks CE, Compton RG (2004) Analyst 29:9CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Watanabe T, Ivandini TA, Makide Y, Fujishima A, Einaga Y (2006) Anal Chem 78:7857CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Watanabe T, Einaga Y (2009) Biosens Bioelectron 24:2684CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Yamada D, Ivandini TA, Komatsu M, Fujishima A, Einaga Y (2008) J Electroanal Chem 615:145CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Suzuki A, Ivandini TA, Yoshimi K, Fujishima A, Oyama G, Nakazato T, Hattori N, Kitazawa S, Einaga Y (2007) Anal Chem 79:8608CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Sarada BV, Rao TN, Tryk DA, Fujishima A (1999) J Electrochem Soc 146:1469CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Bond AM (1994) Analyst 119:R1CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Cahill PS, Walker QD, Finnegan JM, Mickelson GE, Travis ER, Wightman RM (1996) Anal Chem 68:3180CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Popa E, Notsu H, Miwa T, Tryk DA, Fujishima A (1999) Electrochem Solid State Chem 2:49CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Popa E, Kubota Y, Tryk DA, Fujishima A (2000) Anal Chem 2:1724CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Rao TN, Yagi I, Miwa T, Tryk DA, Fujishima A (1999) Anal Chem 71:2506CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Mitani N, Einaga Y (2009) J Electroanal Chem 626:156CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Ivandini TA, Yamada D, Watanabe T, Matsuura H, Nakano N, Fujishima A, Einaga Y (submitted)Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Kondo T, Hoshi H, Honda K, Einaga Y, Fujishima A, Kawai T (2008) J Phys Chem C 112:11887CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Kondo T, Aoshima S, Hirata K, Honda K, Einaga Y, Fujishima A, Kawai T (2008) Langmuir 24:7545CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of ChemistryKeio UniversityYokohamaJapan

Personalised recommendations