Cathodic reaction kinetics and its implication on flow-assisted corrosion of aluminum alloy in aqueous ethylene glycol solution
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The cathodic reaction kinetics and anodic behavior of Al alloy 3003 in aerated ethylene glycol–water solution, under well-controlled hydrodynamic conditions, were investigated by various measurements using a rotating disk electrode (RDE). The transport and electrochemical parameters for cathodic oxygen reduction were fitted and determined. The results demonstrate that the cathodic reaction is a purely diffusion-controlled process within a certain potential region. The experimentally fitted value of diffusion coefficient of oxygen is 3.0 × 10−8 cm2 s−1. The dependence of cathodic current on rotation speed was in quantitative agreement with Levich equation. At potentials more positive than the diffusion controlled region, the cathodic process was controlled by both diffusion and electrochemical kinetics. The electrochemical reaction rate constant, k 0, was determined to be 1.1 × 10−9 cm s−1. There is little effect of electrode rotation on anodic behavior of Al alloy during stable pitting. However, fluid hydrodynamics play a significant role in formation of the oxide film and the Al alloy passivity. An enhanced electrode rotation would increase the mass-transfer rate of solution, and thus the oxygen diffusion towards the electrode surface for reduction reaction. The generated hydroxide ions are favorable to the formation of Al oxide film on electrode surface.
KeywordsElectrochemical corrosion Aluminum alloy Cathodic process Ethylene glycol Fluid hydrodynamics
This work was supported by Canada Research Chairs Program, Natural Science and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC) and Dana Canada Corporation.
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