Advertisement

Journal of Applied Electrochemistry

, Volume 39, Issue 6, pp 899–906 | Cite as

Effect of oxidation on the performance of low-temperature petroleum cokes as anodes in lithium ion batteries

  • A. Concheso
  • R. Santamaría
  • R. Menéndez
  • J. M. Jiménez-Mateos
  • R. Alcántara
  • G. F. Ortiz
  • P. Lavela
  • J. L. Tirado
Original Paper

Abstract

The effect of an oxidative treatment on the electrochemical performance of various low-temperature cokes as anodes in lithium ion batteries was examined in order to optimize their chemical composition and textural properties. Annealing in a stream of dry synthetic air over short time and temperature ranges was found to result in substantially increased cell capacity and improved capacity retention during cycling in coke oxidized at 350 °C for 1 h, which exhibited a capacity as high as 385 mAh g−1 after 20 cycles at C/50. However, raising the oxidation temperature to 500 °C resulted in undesirably increased irreversible capacity and polarization between the charge and discharge branches, the effect being confirmed by the high impedance values obtained after only a few cycles. 7Li MAS NMR spectroscopy was used to assess covalency in lithium bonds and its relationship to electrochemical performance in the studied batteries.

Keywords

Lithium Coke Oxidation Battery 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors are grateful to CICYT for financial support (contract MAT2005-00374 and contract MAT2001-1694) and M. C. Mohedano for her technical support. We thank SCAI (UCO Central Service for Research Support) and J. I. Corredor for the recording of the NMR spectra. R.A. is indebted to MCYT (Programa Ramón y Cajal). A. Concheso is indebted to MCYT for his predoctoral grant.

References

  1. 1.
    Nakajima T, Shibata S, Nagaa K, Ohzawa Y, Tressaud A, Durand E, Groult H, Warmont F (2007) J Power Sources 168:265CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Kanga HG, Park JK, Hanc B-S, Lee H (2006) J Power Sources 153:170CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Uono H, Kim B-C, Fuse T, Ue M, Yamaki J (2006) J Electrochem Soc 153(9):A1708CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Alcántara R, Lavela P, Ortiz GF, Tirado JL, Stoyanova R, Zhecheva E, Jiménez-Mateos JM (2004) J Electrochem Soc 151(12):A2113CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Alcántara R, Jiménez-Mateos JM, Tirado JL (2002) J Electrochem Soc 149:A201CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Concheso A, Santamaría R, Granda M, Menéndez R, Jiménez-Mateos JM, Alcántara R, Lavela P, Tirado JL (2005) Electrochim Acta 50:1225CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Machnikowski J, Frackowiak E, Kierzek K, Waszak D, Benoit R, Béguin F (2004) J Phys Chem Solids 65:153CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Balan L, Schneider R, Billaud D, Ghanbaja J (2005) Mater Lett 59:1080CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Concheso A, Santamaría R, Blanco C, Menéndez R, Jiménez-Mateos JM, Alcántara R, Lavela P, Tirado JL (2005) Carbon 43:923CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Zhao H, Ren J, He X, Li J, Jiang C, Wan C (2007) Electrochim Acta 52:6006CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Gao J, Zhang HP, Fu LJ, Zhang T, Wu YP, Takamura T, Wu HQ, Holze R (2007) Electrochim Acta 52:5417CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Wu YP, Jiang C, Wan C, Holze R (2002) J Appl Electrochem 32(9):1011CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Shim J, Striebel KA (2007) J Power Sources 164:862–867CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Wu YP, Holze R (2003) J Solid State Eletrochem 8:73CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Concheso A, Santamaría R, Menéndez R, Jiménez-Mateos JM, Alcántara R, Lavela P, Tirado JL (2006) Electrochim Acta 52:1281CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Aurbach D, Markovsky B, Weissman I, Levi E, Ein-Eli Y (1999) Electrochim Acta 45:67CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Jiang W, Tran T, Song X, Kinoshita K (2000) J Power Sources 85:261CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Wu YP, Rahm E, Holze R (2002) Electrochim Acta 47:3491CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Larcher D, Mudalige C, Gharghouri CM, Dahn JR (1999) Electrochim Acta 44:4069CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Concheso A, Santamaría R, Blanco C, Menéndez R, Jiménez-Mateos JM, Gómez García FJ, Alcántara R, Lavela P, Tirado JL (2007) Carbon 45:1396CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Zaghib K, Song X, Kinoshita K (2001) Thermochim Acta 371:57CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Wang C, Appleby AJ, Little FE (2002) J Electroanal Chem 519:9–17CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Fu LJ, Liu H, Li C, Wu YP, Rahm E, Holze R, Wu HQ (2006) Solid State Sci 8:113CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Peled E, Menachem C, Melman A (1996) J Electrochem Soc 143:L4CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Menachem C, Wang Y, Flowers J, Peled E, Greenbaum SG (1998) J Power Sources 76:180CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Concheso A, Santamaría R, Menéndez R, Alcántara R, Lavela P, Tirado JL (2006) J Power Sources 161:1324CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Concheso A, Santamaría R, Menéndez R, Jiménez-Mateos JM, Alcántara R, Lavela P, Tirado JL (2006) Carbon 44:1762CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Aurbach D, Markovsky B, Levi MD, Levi E, Schechter A, Moshkovich M, Cohen Y (1999) J Power Sources 81–82:95CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Sato K, Noguchi M, Demahi A, Oki N, Endo M (1994) Science 264:556CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Conard J, Lauginie P (2000) Tanso 191:62Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Wang S, Matsui H, Taamamura H, Matsamura Y, Yamabe T (1998) Phys Rev B 58:8163CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 33.
    Aurbach D, Gnanaraj JS, Levi MD, Levi EA, Fischer JE, Claye A (2001) J Power Sources 97–98:92CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 34.
    Ein-Eli Y, Markovsky B, Aurbach D, Carmeli Y, Yamin H, Luski S (1994) Electrochim Acta 3:2559CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 35.
    Dai Y, Wang Y, Eshkenazi V, Peled E, Greenbaum SG (1998) J Electrochem Soc 145:1179CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Concheso
    • 1
  • R. Santamaría
    • 1
  • R. Menéndez
    • 1
  • J. M. Jiménez-Mateos
    • 2
  • R. Alcántara
    • 3
  • G. F. Ortiz
    • 3
  • P. Lavela
    • 3
  • J. L. Tirado
    • 3
  1. 1.Instituto Nacional del Carbón, CSICOviedoSpain
  2. 2.REPSOL YPFMostoles, MadridSpain
  3. 3.Laboratorio de Química InorgánicaUniversidad de CórdobaCordobaSpain

Personalised recommendations