Journal of Applied Electrochemistry

, Volume 35, Issue 6, pp 581–587 | Cite as

High surface area, supported precious metal cathodes utilizing metal microfibrous collectors for application in chlor-alkali cells

  • Ryan A. Nickell
  • Bruce J. Tatarchuk


Activated cathodes were prepared from papermaking techniques for use in a membrane type chlor-alkali cell. These cathodes consisted of a nickel fiber matrix, which entrapped a platinum electrocatalyst supported on activated carbon fiber. Following optimizations of the void volume, thickness, catalyst loading, carbon support, and substrate–support ratio, these cathodes performed at an overpotential of only 58 mV @ 3 kA m−2 in a cell containing 30 wt% NaOH at 80 °C. In addition to I/V performance, cathodes were characterized for catalyst dispersion and support surface area. When testing was discontinued, activated cathodes had demonstrated stability for greater than 60 days in a custom cell designed for continuous, steady-state operation.

Key words

activated hydrogen cathode chlor-alkali composite electrode electrocatalysis low overpotential 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.



The authors wish to thank Mr. Wendell Sandlin, Glass Shop Manager, Department of Chemistry, Auburn University. His expertise with glassware proved indispensable for realizing much of the apparatus described herein.


  1. 1.
    Blackburn, M.C. 2002Pulp Paper7625Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Van Savage, E. 2003Chem. Mkt. Rep.2631Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Vreeke, M.S., Mah, D.T., Doyle, C.M. 1998J. Electrochem. Soc.1453671Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Marion, C.J., Cahela, D.R., Ahn, S., Tatarchuk, B.J. 1994J. Power Sources47297CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Swain, G.M., Tatarchuk, B.J. 1993J. Electrochem. Soc.1401026Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Cahela, D.R., Tatarchuk, B.J. 1997IECON Proc.31080Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Ahn, S., Tatarchuk, B.J. 1997J. App. Electrochem.279CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Technical Association of the Pulp Industry. in ‘Forming Handsheets for Physical Tests of Pulp, Standard T-205, TAPPI Testing Procedures: Standards and Provisional Methods, and Useful Methods,’ TAPPI Pub., Atlanta GA (1971)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    M.W. Meffert, PhD Dissertation. Auburn University, Auburn AL (1998)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    ASTM Committee D-32, in ‘Standard Test Method for the Surface Area of Catalyts’, Std. D 3663–92, Annual Book of ASTM Standards (1999)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Weast, R.C. 1976Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, B-101, D-25657CRC PressBoca RatonGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Rodriguez-Reinoso, F., Rodriguez-Ramos, I., Moreno-Castilla, C., Guerrero-Ruiz, A., Lopez-Gonzalez, J.D. 1986J. Catalysis99171Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    ASTM Committee D-32, in ‘Standard Test Method for Hydrogen Chemisorption on Supported Platinum on Alumina Catalyts By Volumetric Vacuum Method,’ Std. D 3908–88, Annual Book of ASTM Standards (1999)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Wilson, G.R., Hall, W.K. 1970J. Catalysis17190Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    B.J. Tatarchuk, M.F. Rose, A. Krishnagopalan, J.N. Zabasajja and D. Kohler, U.S. Patent 5 096 663 (1992)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    R.A. Nickell, PhD Dissertation. Auburn University, Auburn AL (2003)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Chemical Engineering, Center for Microfibrous Materials ManufacturingAuburn UniversityUSA

Personalised recommendations