Journal of Applied Electrochemistry

, Volume 35, Issue 4, pp 381–390 | Cite as

Tannery wastewater treatment by electro-oxidation coupled with a biological process

  • Lidia Szpyrkowicz
  • Santosh N. Kaul
  • Rao N. Neti


The paper is aimed at defining the best option of a combination of electrochemical and biological processes for tannery wastewater treatment. Kinetic data for the electrochemical process are derived from an extensive experimental study, while those relating to biological processes are taken from the authors’ previously published studies or from the literature. Four different options based on a combination of electrochemical oxidation and biological treatment are defined and compared with the traditional tannery wastewater treatment with respect to the total required volume, energy need and the quantity of generated sludge.


combination of biological and electrochemical processes electro-oxidation energy consumption tannery wastewater treatment 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Szpyrkowicz, L., Rigoni-Stern, S., Zilio Grandi, F. 1991Water Sci. Tech231863Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    L. Szpyrkowicz and S.N. Kaul, J. Chem. Technol. Biotechnol (2004) 79 (2004) 879Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Jonsson, K., Grunditz, C., Dalhammar, G., Jansen, J. 2000Water Res342455Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Marinerc, L., Lectz, F.B. 1978J. Appl. Electrochem8335Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Lin, S.H., Wu, C.L. 1998Water Res321059Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    J. Feng, L.L. Houk, D.C. Johnson, S.N. Lowery and J.J. Carey, 142 (1995) 3626Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Fleszar, B., Ploszynska, J. 1985Electrochim. Acta3031Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Comninellis, Ch. 1992IChemE part B70219Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Do, J.S., Yeh, W.C. 1996J. Appl. Electrochem26673Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Polcaro, A.M., Palmas, S. 1997Ind. Eng. Chem. Res361791Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Do, J.S., Yeh, W.C. 1995J. Appl. Electrochem25483Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Burstein, G.T., Barnett, C.J., Kucernak, A.R., Williams, K.R. 1997Catal. Today38425Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Szpyrkowicz, L., Naumczyk, J., Zilio-Grandi, F. 1994Toxicol. Environ. Chem44189Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Szpyrkowicz, L., Naumczyk, J., Zilio-Grandi, F. 1995Water Res29517Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Rao, N.N., Somasekhar, K.M., Kaul, S.N., Szpyrkowicz, L. 2001J. Chem. Technol. Biotechnol761124Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Szpyrkowicz, L., Kelsall, G.H., Kaul, S.N., De Faveri, M. 2001Chem. Eng. Sci561579Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Atanasoski, R.T., Nicolic, B.Z., Jaksic, M.M., Despic, A. 1975J. Appl. Electrochem5155Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    APHA, Standard Methods for Examination of Water and Wastewater, 17th edn. (American Public Health Assoc., Washington DC, 1989)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Kaul, S.N., Szpyrkowicz, L. 1996Fuel Sci. Technol.1557Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Kaul, S.N., Daryapurkar, R.A., Szpyrkowicz, L. 2002Int. J. Environ. l Stud59103Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Kaul, S.N., Mukherjee, P.K., Sihorwala, T.A., Kulkarni, H., Nandy,  T. 1999J. Environ. Sci. Health A281277Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Murugesan, V., Elangovan, R. 1994Indian J. Environ. Protect14511Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Adams, R.N. 1969Electrochemistry at Solid ElectrodesMarcel DekkerNew YorkGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Tomcsanyi, L., De Battisti, A., Hirschberg, G., Varga, K., Liszi,  J. 1999Electrochim. Acta442463Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Bonfanti, F., De Battisti, A., Ferro, S., Lodi, G., Osti, S. 2000Electrochim. Acta46305Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Czarnetzki, L.R., Janssen, L.J. 1992J. Appl. Electrochem22315Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    I.G. Krasnobrodko, Destruction Treatment of Wastewater from Dyes (in Russian) (edited by Chimia, Leningrad 1988) pp. 142–144Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Comninellis, Ch., Nerini, A. 1995J. Appl. Electrochem2523Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Bonfanti, F., Ferro, S., Lavezzo, F., Malacarne, M., Lodi, G., De Battisti,  A. 2000J. Electrochem. Soc.147592Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Scott, K. 1988J. Electroanal. Chem.2481Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    G. Tchobanoglous and F.L. Burton, Wastewater Engineering. Treatment, Disposal and Reuse. (edited by Metcalf & Eddy, Inc. McGraw-Hill 1991) p. 365 and pp. 370–392Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Szpyrkowicz, L., Rigoni-Stern, S., Zilio Grandi, F. 1991Water Res251351Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    J.M. Coulson and J.F. Richardson, Chemical Engineering. Vol. 1. (edited by Butterworth Heinemann, 1998) p. 327Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Nandy, T., Kaul, S.N., Szpyrkowicz, L. 1996Ind. J. Environ. Protect16738Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lidia Szpyrkowicz
    • 1
  • Santosh N. Kaul
    • 2
  • Rao N. Neti
    • 2
  1. 1.Environmental Sciences DepartmentUniversity of VeniceVeniceItaly
  2. 2.National Environmental Engineering Research InstituteNagpurIndia

Personalised recommendations