Journal of Applied Electrochemistry

, Volume 35, Issue 3, pp 259–265 | Cite as

Open circuit voltage for solid polymer electrolyte/salt systems in lithium batteries

  • Sung Jin Pai
  • Young Chan Bae


The open circuit voltage (OCV) model of the solid polymer electrolyte (SPE)/salt system in lithium batteries is established by combining concentrated solution theory with the modified double lattice–non-random (MDL-NR) model which describes the non-ideal behavior of the salt activity in the polymer electrolyte. The activity parameters are obtained from the phase diagram for the given systems and used to describe the OCV of the corresponding systems with one additional parameter, transport number, t + 0 . The proposed model agrees very well with the OCV data for various PEO/salt systems.


lithium battery MDL-NR model melting point depression open circuit voltage solid polymer electrolyte 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Wright, P.V. 1975Br. Polym. J.7319Google Scholar
  2. Marata, K., Izuchi, S., Yoshihisa, Y. 2000Electrochim. Acta451501Google Scholar
  3. Doeff, M.M., Ferry, A., Ma, Y.P., Ding, L., Jonghe, L.C. 1997J. Electrochem. Soc.144L20Google Scholar
  4. Doyle, M., Fuller, T.F., Newman, J. 1993J. Electrochem. Soc.1401526Google Scholar
  5. Doyle, M., Newman, J., Gozdz, A.S., Schmutz, C.N., Tarascon, J.M. 1996J. Electrochem. Soc.1431890Google Scholar
  6. Doyle, M., Newman, J. 1995Electrochim. Acta392073Google Scholar
  7. Newman, J. 1991Electrochemical SystemsPrentice HallEnglewood Cliffs, NJGoogle Scholar
  8. Bruce, P.G., Evans, J., Vincent, C.A. 1988Solid State Ionics28918Google Scholar
  9. Bruce, P.G., Hardgrave, M.T., Vincent, C.A. 1992Electrochim. Acta371517Google Scholar
  10. Cameron, G.G., Harvie, J.L., Ingram, M.D. 1989Solid State Ionics3465Google Scholar
  11. Christie, L., Christie, A.M., Vincent, C.A. 1999Electrochem. Solid State Lett.2187Google Scholar
  12. Dai, H.L., Zawodzinski, T.A. 1996J. Electrochem. Soc.143L107Google Scholar
  13. Fritz, H.P., Kuhn, A. 1993J. Power Sources41253Google Scholar
  14. Sörensen, P.R., Jacobsen, T. 1982Electrochim. Acta271671Google Scholar
  15. Walls, H.J., Zawodzinski, T.A. 2000Electrochem. Solid State Lett.3321Google Scholar
  16. Watanabe, M., Nagano, S., Sanui, K., Ogata, N. 1988Solid State Ionics28911Google Scholar
  17. Watanabe, M., Rikukawa, M., Sanui, K., Ogata, N. 1985J. Appl. Phys.58736Google Scholar
  18. Xu, J., Farrington, G.C. 1996J. Electrochem. Soc.143L44Google Scholar
  19. Doyle, M., Fuller, T.F., Newman, J. 1994Electrochim. Acta392073Google Scholar
  20. P.J. Flory, Principles of Polymer Chemistry (Cornell University Press, 8th edn. 1971).Google Scholar
  21. Smith, P., Pennings, A.J. 1977J. Polym. Sci.15523Google Scholar
  22. Gryte, C.C., Berghmans, H., Smets, G. 1979J. Polym. Sci.171295Google Scholar
  23. Myasnikova, R.M., Titova, E.F., Obolonkova, E.S. 1980Polymer21403Google Scholar
  24. Kim, J.Y., Noh, S.T., Bae, Y.C. 1998Polymer393473Google Scholar
  25. Ahn, W.Y., Bae, Y.C. 2000Electrochimica Acta453157Google Scholar
  26. Choi, Y.S., Bae, Y.C. 2003Solid State Ionics158243Google Scholar
  27. Georen, P., Lindbergh, G. 2001Electrochim. Acta27577Google Scholar
  28. Pai, S.J., Bae, Y.C. 2004J. Appl. Polym. Sci.94231Google Scholar
  29. Bird, R.B., Stewart, W.E., Lightfoot, E.N. 1960Transport PhenomenaWileyNew YorkGoogle Scholar
  30. Newman, J., Tiedemann, W. 1975AIChE J.2125Google Scholar
  31. Oh, J.S., Bae, Y.C. 1997Polymer391149Google Scholar
  32. Panayiotou, C., Vera, J.H. 1980Fluid Phase Equil.555Google Scholar
  33. Renon, H., Prausnitz, J.M. 1968AIChE J.14135Google Scholar
  34. Minier, M., Berthier, C., Gorecki, W. 1984J. Phys.45739Google Scholar
  35. Hu, Y., Lambert, S.M., Soane, D.S., Prausnitz, J.M. 1991Marcromolecules244356Google Scholar
  36. M. Spiro, in A. Weissberger and B.W. Rossiter (Eds) Techniques of Chemistry, Vol. 1, Part 1A (Wiley, New York, 1970).Google Scholar
  37. Kim, J.Y., Bae, Y.C. 1999Polymer401979Google Scholar
  38. R. Hug, A.R. McGhie and G.C. Farrington, 1st International Symposium on Polymer Electrolytes, St Andrews, UK, June 1987.Google Scholar
  39. Ma, Y., Doyle, M., Fuller, T.F., Doeff, M.M., Jonghe, L.C., Newman, J. 1995J. Electrochem. Soc.1421859Google Scholar
  40. Dakihana, M., Schantz, S., Torell, L.M. 1990J. Chem. Phys.926271Google Scholar
  41. Kim, J.Y., Bae, Y.C. 1999Fluid Phase Equil.163291Google Scholar
  42. Edman, L., Doeff, M.M., Ferry, A., Kerr, J., Jonghe, L.C. 2000J. Phy. Chem. B1043476Google Scholar
  43. Vallée, A., Besner, S., Prud’homme,  1992J. Electrochim. Acta371579Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Chemical Engineering and Molecular Thermodynamics LaboratoryHanyang UniversitySeoulKorea

Personalised recommendations