International Ophthalmology

, Volume 34, Issue 4, pp 881–886 | Cite as

Corneal biomechanical characteristics in children with diabetes mellitus

  • Pınar Nalcacioglu-Yuksekkaya
  • Emine Sen
  • Semra Cetinkaya
  • Veysel Bas
  • Zehra Aycan
  • Faruk Ozturk
Original Paper


To compare the corneal biomechanical properties in children with type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM) and healthy children. In this cross-sectional study, the study and control groups were composed of 68 children with DM and 74 healthy children, respectively. The corneal hysteresis (CH), corneal resistance factor (CRF), Goldmann-correlated intraocular pressure (IOPg) and corneal-compensated intraocular pressure (IOPcc) were measured with the ocular response analyzer (ORA). Associations between ocular and diabetic parameters were also evaluated. There were no statistically significant differences between the two groups in age or gender distribution. The mean CH was 10.8 ± 1.5 and 10.7 ± 1.7 mmHg while the mean CRF was 10.9 ± 1.9 and 10.5 ± 1.6 mmHg in the diabetic group and control group, respectively. The mean IOPg was 15.9 ± 3.7 and 15.2 ± 3.4 mmHg, and the mean IOPcc was 15.8 ± 3.0 and 15.3 ± 3.4 mmHg in the diabetic and control group, respectively. There were no statistically significant differences between the two groups for CH, CRF, IOPg, and IOPcc measurements (independent t test, p = 0.624, p = 0.207, p = 0.263, p = 0.395, respectively). This study shows that type 1 DM does not have any effect on the corneal biomechanical parameters in childhood.


Child Corneal biomechanics Type 1 diabetes mellitus Diabetic parameters 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pınar Nalcacioglu-Yuksekkaya
    • 1
  • Emine Sen
    • 2
  • Semra Cetinkaya
    • 3
  • Veysel Bas
    • 3
  • Zehra Aycan
    • 3
  • Faruk Ozturk
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Pediatric Opthalmology Dr Sami Ulus Children’s Health and Disease Training and Research HospitalAnkaraTurkey
  2. 2.Ulucanlar Eye Research HospitalAnkaraTurkey
  3. 3.Department of Pediatric Endocrinology Dr Sami Ulus Children’s Health and Disease Training and Research HospitalAnkaraTurkey

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