International Ophthalmology

, Volume 25, Issue 4, pp 193–200 | Cite as

Hydatidosis of the Orbit in Turkey: Results from Review of the Literature 1963–2001



Hydatidosis can involve almost every organ or tissue in the body via the systemic circulation, but hydatid infestation of the orbit comprises far less than 1% of the total incidence. This study investigated the data on all patients of orbital hydatid disease reported in Turkey since 1963. In this meta-analysis, a total of 25 patients were included and slowly progressive unilateral proptosis, with or without pain, was the most frequent clinical manifestation (80%). The other presenting symptoms were visual loss (48%), periorbital pain (24%), chemosis (16%), and headache (12%). The presumptive diagnosis of hydatid cyst was made on the images obtained from ultrasonography (US), computed tomography (CT) and/or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examinations. These diagnostic studies demonstrated a well-circumscribed cystic mass in almost all patients. Total surgical removal without rupture remains the best mode of therapy for orbital hydatid disease. The study indicates that in Turkey hydatidosis remains a serious problem, causing blindness. Orbital hydatid cyst should be included in the differential diagnosis of unilateral proptosis and visual handicap in patients from countries where hydatidosis is endemic.


hydatid cyst echinococcus granulosus orbita review Turkey 


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Copyright information

© Springer 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ahmet T. Turgut
    • 1
    • 3
  • Mehmet Turgut
    • 2
  • Uğur Koşar
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of RadiologyAnkara Research and Training Hospital, The Ministry of HealthAnkaraTurkey
  2. 2.Department of NeurosurgeryAdnan Menderes UniversityAydinTurkey
  3. 3.Kıbrıs CaddesiKurtuluş/AnkaraTurkey

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