The challenges of the post-COP21 regime: interpreting CBDR in the INDC context

  • Zou Ji
  • Fu Sha


All countries should prepare intended nationally determined contributions (INDC) and publish them ahead of COP21. However, fundamental questions such as how to establish long-term targets beyond 2020, how to enforce the common but differentiated responsibilities (CBDR), and respective capabilities (RC) principle remain unanswered. Even a precise definition of the notion of INDCs remains unsettled; these might be the source of protracted misunderstanding between Parties. The papers in this Special Issue provide very useful and innovative material about how the notion of equitable access to development enables the provision of credible responses to these questions. In this article, we add some additional insights showing how framing these challenge in terms of bifurcations towards innovative development allows for defining the CBDR principle as a precondition and the key driver of a cooperative process beneficial for all Parties in terms of the sustainability of their...


CBDR INDC Invention of development paths Climate change 



Common but differentiated responsibilities


Global climate fund


Greenhouse gas


Intended nationally determined contributions


Intergovernmental panel on climate change


Least developed countries


Multinational corporations


Respective capabilities


Research and development


United Nations framework convention on climate change


  1. Aglietta, M., Hourcade, J.-C., Jaeger, C. C., & Perrissin Fabert, B. (2015). Financing transition in an adverse context: Climate finance beyond carbon finance. In International environmental agreements: Politics, law and economics.Google Scholar
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National Center for Climate Change Strategy and International CooperationBeijingChina

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