Compensation for nuclear damage: a comparison among the international regime, Japan and China
Following the Fukushima disaster in Japan in 2011, how the compensation system for nuclear damage should be improved has obtained broad attention. The compensation system, including liability rules, insurance and government involvement, does not only concern to what extent the victims can be sufficiently compensated, but is also relevant to create incentives for the nuclear industry to enhance safety. International compensation regimes for nuclear damage started to emerge since 1960s, but still fail to engage some (potentially) big “nuclear power” ones. The Japanese and Chinese systems are such ones which received less attention until recently. This paper will, on the one hand, engage in a positive study by giving a comparison between the international regime, the Japanese and the Chinese system; on the other hand, provide a normative analysis by using economic criteria to examine the efficiency of the systems and formulate suggestions for reform.
KeywordsNuclear liability Insurance Financial cap Limit on liability Disaster
The Convention on Supplementary Compensation for Nuclear Damage
The General Principles of Civil Law of the People’s Republic of China
The International Atomic Energy Agency
International Nuclear Event Scale
The Nuclear Energy Agency
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
The Product Quality Act of the People’s Republic of China
Special Drawing Rights
The Tokyo Electric Power Company
Michael Faure is grateful to the China Ministry of Education and to the Research Centre for Law and Economics of CUPL for their support.
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