The position of the Low Carbon Growth Partnership (LCGP): at the end of Japan’s navigation between the Kyoto Protocol and the APP
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A new climate change institutional package, the East Asia Low Carbon Growth Partnership (LCGP), has been recently developed. The LCGP has significant implications because it was initiated by Japan, which has navigated between the Kyoto Protocol (KP) and the Asia–Pacific Partnership on Clean Development and Climate (APP) but ended the navigation by announcing its intention not to participate in the second commitment period of the KP. This paper investigates the position of the LCGP on the spectrum drawn by the KP and the APP using the theoretical ground of normative contestation. Results show that the normative stance of the LCGP is skewed toward the APP; however, the LCGP differentiates itself from the APP by its own functional properties and through its institutional fit with another regional institution, the East Asia Summit. The LCGP puts another complexion on global climate change governance.
KeywordsEast Asia Low Carbon Growth Partnership Japan Normative position Kyoto Protocol Asia–Pacific Partnership on Clean Development and Climate Climate change governance
Asia–Pacific Economic Cooperation
Asia–Pacific Network for Global Change Research
Asia–Pacific Partnership on Clean Development and Climate
Association of Southeast Asian Nations
Bilateral Offset Credit Mechanism
Clean Development Mechanism
Conference of the parties
- DG CLIMA
Directorate-General for Climate Action
East Asia Summit
Gross domestic product
International Organization for Standardization
Japan International Cooperation Agency
East Asia Low Carbon Growth Partnership
International Research Network for Low Carbon Societies
Low Carbon Asia Research Network
Ministry for Economy, Trade, and Industry
Minister of the Environment, Japan
Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan
Measurable, reportable, and verifiable
Nationally appropriate mitigation action
Official Development Assistance
Policy and Implementation Committee
Tokyo International Conference on African Development
United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
United States of America
The authors greatly appreciate the support of Hiro Katsumata in reading and commenting on earlier drafts. Also, the authors greatly appreciate the Ministry of Environment of Japan for research support. This paper was prepared within the project, titled Design of International Low Carbon Institution in Asia (S-6-3(4)), under the Governance Design Research Project (S-6-3) of the Asia Low Carbon Society Research Project (S-6). More details about the project can be found at http://2050.nies.go.jp/index_j.html.
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