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China and India’s participation in global climate negotiations

  • Sean Walsh
  • Huifang Tian
  • John Whalley
  • Manmohan Agarwal
Original Paper

Abstract

In this paper, we discuss a range of issues concerning developing country participation in current global climate change mitigation negotiations, especially India and China. We argue that the problem of redefining ‘common yet differentiated responsibilities’ in a way which allows developing countries room to pursue their individual development goals while still achieving the necessary level of carbon mitigation is central to the debate. The choice of negotiating instruments, effective technology transfer and financial support, and other related issues have been raised principally by China and India, and may also be raised by several other countries. Kyoto non-compliance by Annex 1 countries will also greatly impact the negotiating power of China and India and other developing countries. We conclude that, once basic principles are clearly defined, the greatest incentive for China and India to participate in climate change negotiations is the prospect of future negotiating rounds that can be linked to a large number of climate change related issues, such as intellectual property, the potential for financial transfers and trade/market access.

Keywords

China India Climate change International negotiations Development 

Abbreviations

CBDR

Common but differentiated responsibilities

CDM

Clean development mechanism

UN

United Nations

UNFCCC

United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

OECD

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

WTO

World Trade Organisation

FDI

Foreign Direct Investment

GDP

Gross Domestic Product

PPP

Purchasing Power Parity

CO2

Carbon dioxide

GHG

Greenhouse gasses

MoEF

Ministry of Environment and Forests (India)

SME

Small and medium enterprises

IPR

Intellectual property rights

TRIPS

Agreement on Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights

IPCC

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

COP

Conference of the Parties [to the UNFCCC]

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors would like to acknowledge support from Renmin University of China and the Special Academic Fund of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences. The authors would also like to acknowledge support from the Ontario Research Fund, the Centre for International Governance Innovation and the University of Western Ontario.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sean Walsh
    • 1
  • Huifang Tian
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • John Whalley
    • 1
    • 3
  • Manmohan Agarwal
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre for International Governance Innovation (CIGI)WaterlooCanada
  2. 2.Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS)BeijingChina
  3. 3.University of Western Ontario (UWO)LondonCanada

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