Advertisement

Journal of Indian Philosophy

, Volume 40, Issue 1, pp 25–45 | Cite as

Competing World Views: Perspectivism and Polemics in the Satya-śāsana-parīkṣā and Other Jaina Works

  • Himal Trikha
Article

Abstract

Jaina authors use a pluralistic epistemological model as a tool to claim the superiority of Jainism over the other schools of Indian thought. In this article the general tendency of the Jaina’s epistemic pluralism is discussed and it is shown how the Digambara Jaina Vidyānandin tries to establish the Jainas’ pluralism on rational grounds by identifying erroneous epistemic alternatives through methodological falsification.

Keywords

Jainism Digambara philosophers Vidyānandin nayavāda Epistemology Pluralism Epistemic alternatives Methodological falsification 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Abbreviations and Bibliography

  1. AYV.
    Anya-yoga-vyavaccheda-dvātriṃśikā, Hemacandra; s. SVM.Google Scholar
  2. Balcerowicz 2001a.
    Piotr Balcerowicz: Two Siddhasenas and the authorship of the Nyāyāvatāra and the Saṃmati-tarka-prakaraṇa. JIP 29 (2001) 351–378.Google Scholar
  3. Balcerowicz 2001b.
    Piotr Balcerowicz: The Logical Structure of the Naya Method of the Jainas. JIP 29 (2001) 379–403.Google Scholar
  4. Bradshaw 1994.
    David Bradshaw: Introduction. In: Aldous Huxley, Antic Hay. London 1994.Google Scholar
  5. Cort 2000.
    John E. Cort: “Intellectual Ahimṣā” Revisited: Jain Tolerance and Intolerance of Others. Philosophy East & West 50.3 (2000) 324–347.Google Scholar
  6. DD.
    Siddhasenadivākareṇa viracitā Dvātriṃśad Dvātriṃśikāḥ … Vijayalāvaṇyasūriṇā racitāḥ Kiraṇāvalī-vivṛti-vibhūṣitāḥ. sampādaka: Vijayasuśīlasūriḥ. Ahmedabad 1977.Google Scholar
  7. Dixit 1971.
    K.K. Dixit: Jaina Ontology. (Lalbhai Dalpatbhai Series 31). Ahmedabad 1971.Google Scholar
  8. Feyerabend 1987.
    Paul Feyerabend: Farewell to reason. London/New York 1987.Google Scholar
  9. Halbfass 1988.
    Wilhelm Halbfass: India and Europe: An Essay in Understanding. Albany 1988.Google Scholar
  10. JIP.
    Journal of Indian PhilosophyGoogle Scholar
  11. JMJGS.
    Jñāna-pīṭha Mūrtidevī Jaina Grantha-mālā: Saṃskṛta Grantha Google Scholar
  12. JTBh.
    Jaina Tarkabhāṣā of Yaśovijaya with Tātparya–saṅgraha. Ed. by Sukhlalji Sanghavi, Mahendra Kumar Shastri, Dalsukh Malvania. (Sarasvati Oriental Series 7). Ahmedabad 1938, R1993.Google Scholar
  13. Leibniz 1925.
    Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz: The monadology and other philosophical writings. Translated by Robert Latta. Oxford 1925.Google Scholar
  14. Ortega y Gasset 1954.
    José Ortega y Gasset: Wahrheit und Persektive. In: Gesammelte Werke. Band 1. Zürich 1954. [Originally published in the periodical El espectador 1916 as: ‘Verdad y perspectiva.’]Google Scholar
  15. Schramm 1979.
    Alfred Schramm: Review Spinner (1974). The British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 30.1 (1979) 90–93.Google Scholar
  16. Shah 2000.
    Nagin J. Shah: Jaina Theory of Multiple Facets of Reality and Truth (Anekāntavāda). (Bhogilal Leherchand Institute of Indology Series 13). Delhi 2000.Google Scholar
  17. Soni 1991.
    Jayandra Soni: dravya, guṇa and paryāya in Jaina Thought. JIP 19 (1991) 75–88.Google Scholar
  18. Spinner 1974.
    Helmut Spinner: Pluralismus als Erkenntnismodell. Frankfurt am Main 1974.Google Scholar
  19. SŚP.
    Vidyānandi-kṛta-Satya-śāsana-parīkṣā. sampādaka: Gokulchandra Jain. (JMJGS 30). Calcutta 1964. [Numbers in brackets refer to the critical text of Vidyānandin’s examination of the Vaiśeṣika in Trikha (forthcoming).]Google Scholar
  20. SVM.
    Syādvādamañjarī of Malliṣeṇa with the Anyayoga-Vyavaccheda Dvātriṃśikā of Hemacandra. Ed. by A.B. Dhruva. (Bombay Sanskrit and Prakrit Series 83). Bombay 1933.Google Scholar
  21. TARV.
    Akalaṇkdeva-viracitaṃ Tattvārtha-vārtikam (Rājavārtikam) hindīsārasahitam. 2 vols. sampādaka: Mahendrakumār Jain. (JMJGS 10, 20). [1953], Delhi 62001.Google Scholar
  22. TAŚV.
    Vidyānandisvāmi-viracitaṃ Tattvārtha-śloka-vārtikaṃ, Manoharlālnyāyaśāstriṇā sampāditaṃ saṃśodhitaṃ ca. (Saraswati Oriental Research Sanskrit Series 16). Bombay 1918, Ahmedabad R2002.Google Scholar
  23. TBV.
    Siddhasenadivākara-praṇītaṃ Saṃmati-tarka-prakaraṇam Abhayadevasūri-nirmitayā Tattva-bodha-vidhāyinyā vyākhyayā vibhuṣitam … Sukhlāl Saghavinā Becerdās Dośinā ca saṃśodhitam. Ahmedabad 1924–1931.Google Scholar
  24. TRD.
    Haribhadrasūri-viracitaḥ Ṣaḍ-darśana-samuccayaḥGuṇaratnasūri-kṛtā Tarka-rahasya-dīpikā Somatilakasūrikṛta-Laghu-vṛttiḥ-ajñāta-kartṛka-Avacūrṇi-sahitā. sampādaka: Mahendra Kumar Jain. (JMJGS 36). Vārāṇasī 1969.Google Scholar
  25. Trikha forthcoming.
    Himal Trikha: Perspektivismus und Kritik. Das pluralistische Erkenntnismodell der Jainas angesichts der Polemik gegen das Vaiśeṣika in Vidyānandins Satyaśāsanaparīkṣā. (Publications of the De Nobili Research Library). Vienna (forthcoming).Google Scholar
  26. Van den Bossche 1995.
    Frank van den Bossche: Existence and Non-Existence in Haribhadra Sūri’s Anekānta-Jaya-Patākā. JIP 23 (1995) 429–468.Google Scholar
  27. Veltman forthcoming.
    Kim H. Veltman: Literature on Perspective. (Sources and Literature of Perspective, Volume III). Munich (Saur Verlag, forthcoming).Google Scholar
  28. Wright 2000.
    J.C. Wright: Rezension Shah 2000. Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies 63.3 (2000) 435–437.Google Scholar
  29. YAṬ.
    Samantabhadra-praṇītaṃ Yukty-anuśāsanam. Vidyānandaviracitayā ṭīkayā samanvitam, Indralālaiḥ Śrīlālaiś ca sampāditaṃ saṃśodhitaṃ ca. (Māṇikacandra Digambara Jaina Granthamālā 15). Bombay 1919.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of ViennaViennaAustria

Personalised recommendations