Journal of Indian Philosophy

, Volume 37, Issue 4, pp 331–347 | Cite as

Anyathākhyāti: A Critique by Appaya Dīkṣita in the Parimala

  • Jonathan Duquette
  • K. Ramasubramanian


In this paper, the problem of illusory perception, as approached by the Nyāya and Advaita Vedānta schools of philosophy, is discussed from the standpoint of the Parimala. This seminal work belonging to the Bhāmatī tradition of Advaita Vedānta was composed in the sixteenth century by the polymath Appaya Dīkṣita. In the context of discussing various theories of illusion, Dīkṣita dwells upon the Nyāya theory of anyathākhyāti, and its connection with jñānalakṣaṇapratyāsatti as a causal factor for perception, and closely examines if such an extraordinary (alaukika) perception is tenable to explain illusory perception. He then proceeds to point out the deficiencies of this model and thereby brings to the fore the anirvacanīyakhyāti of Advaitins as the only theory which stands scrutiny.


Advaita Vedānta Nyāya Parimala Anyathākhyāti Jñānalakṣaṇapratyāsatti Anirvacanīyakhyāti 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculté de théologie et de sciences des religionsUniversite de MontrealMontrealCanada
  2. 2.Cell for Indian Science and Technology in Sanskrit, Department of Humanities and Social SciencesIIT BombayMumbaiIndia

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