Interchange

pp 1–18 | Cite as

When Teachers’ Off-Duty Creative Pursuits Conflict with Role Model Expectations: A Critical Analysis of Shewan

Article
  • 16 Downloads

Abstract

When teachers pursue an artistic career parallel to teaching, a potential for conflict arises between the subjects they explore creatively and public expectations regarding the teacher’s role as a model of morality. This paper offers a critical analysis of these expectations as articulated in the landmark legal case Shewan. The paper argues for a better balance between teachers’ right to free expression and the need to uphold public trust in teachers and teaching and urges art teachers’ associations to play an active role defining the special standard that teachers can be reasonably held to in their private off-duty artistic pursuits.

Keywords

Teacher as moral role model Freedom of expression Values inculcation Teachers’ off-duty activities Teachers’ personal and private lives 

References

  1. Abbotsford School District 34 Board of Trustees v. Shewan, Supreme Court of British Columbia (1986).Google Scholar
  2. Associated Press. (2006, 12 December). ‘Butt-printing artist’ teacher suspended. The Denver Post.Google Scholar
  3. Associated Press. (2011, 28 April). Midd-West high school teacher’s side job as racy author draws debate. PennLive.Google Scholar
  4. Audet, R. V. (1996). 2 Supreme Court of Canada.Google Scholar
  5. Brooks, K., & Crum, M. (2015, 5 October). Meet the famous artists and writers who were teachers first. Huffington Post.Google Scholar
  6. CBC News (2014a, 22 October). Jacqueline Laurent-Auger, teacher fired decades after erotic film roles, may be rehired. Montreal: CBC News.Google Scholar
  7. CBC News. (2014b, 12 December). Lyned Dorval, fired for giving zero, ‘treated unfairly,’ appeal board rules. Edmonton: CBC News.Google Scholar
  8. CBC News. (2014c, 12 December). ‘No-zero’ teacher Lynden Dorval cleared of unprofessional conduct. Edmonton: CBC News.Google Scholar
  9. CBC News (2016, 17 August). Mississauga teacher suspended after pro-Palestinian speech wins support of activists. Toronto: CBC News.Google Scholar
  10. Commission scolaire de Chomedy de Laval v. Jacques Sylvestre, SAE 2529, C.S. (1983).Google Scholar
  11. Couzens, G. (2016, 10 April). Primary school teacher is sacked after video of her twerking in a bikini in Mexico sweeps the web and is spotted by outraged parents. MailOnline.Google Scholar
  12. Crook, K., & Truscott, D. (2007). Ethics and law for teachers. Toronto: Nelson Education.Google Scholar
  13. Dinkelspiel, F. (2016). 23 September). Berkeleyside: Berkley school district places teacher Yvette Felarca on administrative leave.Google Scholar
  14. Education Act of Ontario, (1990, E.2).Google Scholar
  15. George v. Cowichan Tribes, 513 British Columbia Supreme Court (2015).Google Scholar
  16. Hale v. Board of Education Lancaster, 234 N.E.2d (Ohio 1968).Google Scholar
  17. Hoagland v Mount Vernon School District No. 320, 623 P.2d 1156 (Wash. 1981).Google Scholar
  18. Imber, M., van Geel, T., Blockhuis, J. C., & Feldman, J. (2014). Education law (5th ed.). New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  19. Jeffrey, D. (2013). Profession enseignante: de la moralité exemplaire à l’éthique professionnelle. Formation et profession, 21(3), 18–29.Google Scholar
  20. John Shewan and Lize Shewan v. The Board of School Trustees School District 34 (Abbotsford), 2 British Columbia Court of Appeal (1987).Google Scholar
  21. Kempling v. The British Columbia College of Teachers, 535 British Columbian Court of Appeal (2004).Google Scholar
  22. Land v. L’Anse Creuse Public School Board of Education, 789 N.W.2 s 458 (Ct. Apps. Michigan, 2010).Google Scholar
  23. Legere v. YMCA of Saint John, 14435 Court of Queen’s Bench of New Brunswick (1997).Google Scholar
  24. Lindgren v. Board of Trustees, High School District No. 1, 558, P.2d 486 (Mont. 1976).Google Scholar
  25. Loiselle c. École secondaire Marcellin-Champagnat, 254 Commission des relations du travail du Québec (2008).Google Scholar
  26. Lyndon, N. (1989). The Story of modern art. London: Phaidon.Google Scholar
  27. MacKay, A. W., Sutherland, L., & Pochini, K. D. (2013). Teachers and the law (3rd ed.). Toronto: Emond Montgomery Publications.Google Scholar
  28. Manley-Casmir, M. E., & Piddocke, S. M. (1990). Teachers in a goldfish bowl: A case of ‘misconduct’. Education and Law Journal, 3(2), 115–148.Google Scholar
  29. Maxwell, B., & Schwimmer, M. (2016). Seeking the elusive ethical base of teacher professionalism in Canadian codes of ethics. Teaching and Teacher Education, 59, 468–480.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Maxwell, B., McDonough, K., & Waddington, D. I. (2018). Broaching the subject: Developing law-based principles for teacher free speech in the classroom. Teaching and Teacher Education, 70, 196–203.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Morrison v. State Board of Education, 137.461 P.2d 375, 394 (Cal. 1969).Google Scholar
  32. Murphy, C. (2013, 10 May). Student teacher wears a bra (!) at a SlutWalk, gets fired. Blisstree.Google Scholar
  33. Neff, B. (2016, 28 March). A Minnesota teacher suspended for bashing crossdressing, welfare. The Daily Caller.Google Scholar
  34. Piddock, S., Magsino, R., & Manley-Casimir, M. (1997). Teachers in trouble. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.Google Scholar
  35. Reyes, A. (1995). Freedom of expression and public school teachers. Dalhousie Journal of Legal Studies, 4, 35–72.Google Scholar
  36. Ross V. New Brunswick School District No. 15, 1 Supreme Court of Canada (1996).Google Scholar
  37. Shotwell, K. D. (2009). Secretly falling in love: America’s love affair with controlling the hearts and minds of public school teachers. Journal of Law and Education, 39(1), 37–73.Google Scholar
  38. Sullivan v, Meade Independent School District, 530 F.2d 799 (8th Cir. 1976).Google Scholar
  39. Syndicat des travailleurs et travailleuses de l’enseignement de Portneuf CEQ c. Commission scolaire de Portneuf, SAE 5470 (1991).Google Scholar
  40. The Local (2010, 7 May). Gory ‘death metal’ teacher too gruesome for school. The Local.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Université du Quebec a Trois-RivièresTrois-RivièresCanada

Personalised recommendations